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Synonyms & Antonyms: A Complete Guide with Examples

Exam Notes: Synonyms & Antonyms: A Complete Guide with Examples

It’s no secret that vocabulary sections in competitive and entrance exams often feature questions on synonyms and antonyms. But the importance of these concepts goes far beyond exam preparation – they are fundamental to mastering any language and improving one’s communication skills.


Synonyms, in simple terms, are words that have the same or similar meanings. However, it’s important to note that synonyms can have subtle differences in their meanings and connotations, making it crucial to choose the right word for the context. For instance, the words “happy” and “elated” both convey a positive emotion, but “elated” implies a higher level of excitement or joy.


Antonyms, on the other hand, are words that have opposite meanings. They are useful for creating contrast and highlighting differences between two concepts. For example, “light” and “dark,” “hot” and “cold,” and “big” and “small” are all common antonyms.



A synonym, put simply, is a word or phrase that has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word. Using synonyms in writing or speech can help to avoid repetition and add depth and complexity to our language. However, it’s important to note that not all synonyms are interchangeable – each word has its own unique connotations and shades of meaning.


For example, the word “happy” has many synonyms, such as “joyful,” “ecstatic,” and “delighted.” While these words may convey similar emotions, each has its own nuances that can alter the meaning of a sentence. Using the right synonym in the right context is essential for effective communication.


Another important aspect of synonyms is that they can be used to create emphasis or convey a particular tone or mood. For instance, the phrase “walked slowly” could be replaced with “sauntered,” “strolled,” or “ambled,” each of which creates a slightly different image in the reader’s mind.



Understanding antonyms is key to developing a nuanced and precise vocabulary that can communicate a wide range of concepts.


An antonym is simply a word that expresses the opposite meaning of another word. For example, “hot” and “cold,” “up” and “down,” and “good” and “bad” are all common antonyms. By using antonyms in our writing and speech, we can create contrast, emphasize differences, and clarify our ideas.


However, it’s important to note that not all words have antonyms, and that some words may have multiple antonyms that convey different shades of meaning. For instance, the word “light” can be antonymous with “dark,” “heavy,” or “serious,” depending on the context.


One of the benefits of understanding antonyms is that it can help to expand our vocabulary and improve our writing and speaking skills.


List of Antonyms and Synonyms

The list of 50 Antonyms and Synonyms is given in the table below. Stay tuned with ADDA247 for more.

S. No. Words Synonyms Antonyms
1. Acumen Awareness, brilliance Stupidity, Ignorance
2. Adhere Comply, observe Condemn, disjoin
3. Abolish Abrogate, annual Setup, Establish
4. Abash Disconcert, rattle Uphold, Discompose
5. Abound Flourish, proliferate Deficient, Destitute
6. Abate Moderate, decrease Aggravate
7. Abject Despicable, servile Commendable, Praiseworthy
8. Abjure Forsake, renounce Approve, Sanction
9. Abortive Vain, unproductive Productive
10. Absolve Pardon, forgive Compel, Accuse
11. Accord Agreement, harmony Discord
12. Acrimony Harshness, bitterness Courtesy, Benevolence
13. Adamant Stubborn, inflexible Flexible, Soft
14. Adherent Follower, disciple Rival, Adversary
15. Adjunct Joined, Added Separated, Subtracted
16. Admonish Counsel, reprove Approve, Applaud
17. Adversity Misfortune, calamity Prosperity, Fortune
18. Alien Foreigner, outsider Native, Resident
19. Allay Pacify, soothe Aggravate, Excite
20. Alleviate Abate, relieve Aggravate, Enhance
21. Allure Entice, fascinate Repulse, Repel
22. Ascend Climb Escalate, Descend
23. Amplify Augment, deepen Lessen, Contract
24. Arraign Incriminate, indict Exculpate, Pardon
25. Audacity Boldness, Courage Mildness, Cowardice
26. Authentic Accurate, credible Fictitious, unreal
27. Awkward Rude, blundering Adroit, clever
28. Axiom Adage, truism Absurdity, Blunder
29. Baffle Astound, Faze Facilitate, Clarify
30. Bewitching Alluring, charming Repulsive, Repugnant
31. Bleak Grim, Austere Bright, Pleasant
32. Brittle Breakable, crisp Tough, Enduring
33. Bustle Commotion, Tumult Slowness


34 Barbarous Frustrate, perplex Civilized
35 Baroque Florid, gilt Plain, unadorned
36 Barren Desolate, Sterile Damp, Fertile
37 Barrier Barricade, Obstacle Link, Assistance
38 Base Vulgar, Coarse Summit, Noble
39 Batty Insane, silly Sane
40 Bawdy Erotic, Coarse Decent, Moral
41 Befogged Becloud, Dim Clear-headed, Uncloud
42 Benevolent Benign, Generous Malevolent, Miserly
43 Benign Favorable, friendly Malignant, Cruel
44 Bind Predicament Release
45 Bleak Austere, Blank Bright, Cheerful
46 Blunt Dull, Insensitive Keen, Sharp
47 Boisterous Clamorous, rowdy Placid, Calm
48 Bold Adventurous Timid
49 Busy Active, Engaged Idle, Lazy
50 Calculating Canny, Devious Artless, honest


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