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English Language Quiz For IDBI AM/ Bank of India PO 2023 -13th April

Directions (1-15): In each of the question given below, a statement has been given with a blank. Some words or phrases have been given in the options following the statement. Choose the most appropriate word or phrase that could fit in the statement to make it contextually meaningful and grammatically correct.

Q1. The new employee was unsure how to proceed with the project and sought the __________ of her more experienced colleagues.
(a) autonomy
(b) guidance
(c) opposition
(d) abdication
(e) liberation

Q2. The athlete’s injury was severe and required a lengthy __________ before he could return to competition.
(a) diagnosis
(b) regression
(c) relapse
(d) convalescence
(e) deterioration

Q3. The manager was pleased with the team’s __________ on the project and praised them for their hard work and dedication.
(a) stagnation
(b) obfuscation
(c) incursion
(d) culmination
(e) exculpation

Q4. Despite having multiple successes under his belt, the entrepreneur was hesitant to take on a new project, __________ the risks and uncertainties involved.
(a) exaggerating
(b) acknowledging
(c) undermining
(d) compromising
(e) prioritizing

Q5. The athlete was known for his discipline and dedication, strictly __________ his training schedule despite any setbacks or obstacles.
(a) disregarding
(b) postponing
(c) reiterating
(d) adhering to
(e) contradicting

Q6. The professor was known for his excellent lectures, often __________ complex ideas in a simple and easy-to-understand manner.
(a) complicating
(b) expounding
(c) rationalizing
(d) simplifying
(e) embellishing

Q7. The company’s new marketing campaign aims to __________ the benefits of its latest product to potential customers.
(a) exaggerate
(b) highlight
(c) neglect
(d) undermine
(e) disregard

Q8. The new teacher’s methods were criticized by some parents, but many students found her __________ and engaging.
(a) boring
(b) charismatic
(c) pernicious
(d) insidious
(e) inane

Q9. Despite her busy schedule, Sarah always makes time for her friends and family, which __________ her generous nature.
(a) demonstrates
(b) contradicts
(c) undermines
(d) exaggerates
(e) mitigates

Q10. The company’s new product was a __________ success, selling out within hours of its release.
(a) dismal
(b) resounding
(c) irrelevant
(d) detrimental
(e) unscrupulous

Q11. The comedian’s latest joke __________ the audience and had them laughing uncontrollably.
(a) enraged
(b) depressed
(c) amused
(d) disgusted
(e) alarmed

Q12. The recent political scandal has __________ the public’s trust in the government and its ability to serve the people.
(a) bolstered
(b) restored
(c) eroded
(d) enhanced
(e) fortified

Q13. The speaker’s __________ and eloquence captivated the audience and held their attention throughout the entire lecture.
(a) verbosity
(b) hesitation
(c) garrulousness
(d) articulation
(e) inarticulacy

Q14. The company’s new CEO has promised to __________ the organization’s structure and streamline its operations.
(a) dismantle
(b) proliferate
(c) consolidate
(d) antagonize
(e) efface

Q15. The coach was disappointed with the team’s performance, and he made it clear that he expected them to __________ their efforts in the next game.
(a) diminish
(b) augment
(c) overlook
(d) undermine
(e) ridicule

Solutions

S1. Ans. (b)
Sol. The most appropriate word that could fit in the blank to make the sentence contextually meaningful and grammatically correct is guidance. Guidance means advice or information aimed at resolving a problem or difficulty, especially as given by someone in authority. The sentence talks about a new employee who needs advice or direction on how to proceed with a project, so seeking the guidance of more experienced colleagues would be the logical course of action.
Option (a) autonomy is an incorrect option as it means the freedom to act independently, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (c) opposition is an incorrect option as it means resistance or disagreement, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (d) abdication is an incorrect option as it means the act of renouncing or relinquishing a position or responsibility, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (e) liberation is an incorrect option as it means the act of freeing someone or something from constraints or restrictions, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.

S2. Ans. (d)
Sol. The most appropriate word that could fit in the blank to make the sentence contextually meaningful and grammatically correct is convalescence. Convalescence is the period or process of becoming healthy and well again after an illness or operation. The sentence talks about an athlete who suffers a serious injury and needs a period of rest and recovery before returning to competition.
Option (a) diagnosis is an incorrect option as it means the identification of a disease or condition, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (b) regression is an incorrect option as it means returning to a previous and less advanced or worst state, condition, or way of behaving, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (c) relapse is an incorrect option as it means a return to a previous state or condition, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (e) deterioration is an incorrect option as it means the process of becoming worse or less valuable, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.

S3. Ans. (d)
Sol. The most appropriate word that could fit in the blank to make the sentence contextually meaningful and grammatically correct is culmination. Culmination means the outcome of a growth or development representing an attained objective. The sentence talks about a manager who is happy with the team’s work on a project and praises them for their hard work and dedication, indicating that they have reached the culmination of their efforts.
Option (a) stagnation is an incorrect option as it means a lack of progress or growth, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (b) obfuscation is an incorrect option as it means the act of making something unclear or confusing, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (c) incursion is an incorrect option as it means an invasion or attack, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (e) exculpation is an incorrect option as it means the act of proving someone’s innocence or clearing them from blame, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.

S4. Ans. (b)
Sol. The most appropriate word that could fit in the blank to make the sentence contextually meaningful and grammatically correct is acknowledging. The sentence talks about an entrepreneur who has had previous successes but is still hesitant to take on a new project due to the risks and uncertainties involved. The word “acknowledging” fits well in this context as it means to accept or recognize the existence or truth of something, which is what the entrepreneur is doing by acknowledging the risks involved.
Option (a) exaggerating is an incorrect option as it means to overstate or overemphasize something, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (c) undermining is an incorrect option as it means to weaken or sabotage something, which is not relevant to the sentence.
Option (d) compromising is an incorrect option as it means to settle or make concessions, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (e) prioritizing is an incorrect option as it means to give priority to something, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.

S5. Ans. (d)
Sol. The most appropriate word or phrase that could fit in the blank to make the sentence contextually meaningful and grammatically correct is adhering to. The sentence talks about an athlete who is known for his discipline and dedication, and how he sticks to his training schedule despite any setbacks or obstacles. The word “adhering to” fits well in this context as it means to stick to or follow something closely, which is what the athlete is doing by following his training schedule.
Option (a) disregarding is an incorrect option as it means to ignore or pay no attention to something, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (b) postponing is an incorrect option as it means to delay or put off something, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (c) reiterating is an incorrect option as it means to repeat or say something again, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (e) contradicting is an incorrect option as it means to go against or oppose something, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.

S6. Ans. (d)
Sol. The most appropriate word that could fit in the blank to make the sentence contextually meaningful and grammatically correct is simplifying. The sentence talks about a professor who is known for his excellent lectures, and how he simplifies complex ideas in a simple and easy-to-understand manner. The word “simplifying” fits well in this context as it means to make something less complicated or easier to understand, which is what the professor is doing with complex ideas.
Option (a) complicating is an incorrect option as it means to make something more complex or difficult, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (b) expounding is an incorrect option as it means to explain or discuss something in detail, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (c) rationalizing is an incorrect option as it means to provide a logical justification for something, which does not necessarily involve simplifying ideas.
Option (e) embellishing is an incorrect option as it means to add extra details or decorations to something, which does not relate to simplifying complex ideas.

S7. Ans. (b)
Sol. The most appropriate word that could fit in the blank to make the sentence contextually meaningful and grammatically correct is highlight, which means to emphasize or draw attention to something. The sentence talks about the company’s new marketing campaign and its aim to promote the benefits of its latest product to potential customers. The word “highlight” implies that the campaign intends to emphasize the positive aspects of the product.
Option (a) exaggerate, which means to overstate or magnify something, is an incorrect option as it doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (c) neglect, which means to ignore or pay little attention to something, is an incorrect option as it doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (d) undermine, which means to weaken or damage something, is an incorrect option as it doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (e) disregard, which means to ignore or dismiss something, is an incorrect option as it doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.

S8. Ans. (b)
Sol. The most appropriate word that could fit in the blank to make the sentence contextually meaningful and grammatically correct is charismatic. The sentence suggests that while the teacher’s methods were criticized by some parents, many students found her to be engaging and interesting. The word “charismatic” means possessing an attractive and charming personality, which fits well in this context.
Option (a) boring is an incorrect option as it means dull and uninteresting, which is the opposite of what the sentence suggests.
Option (c) pernicious is an incorrect option as it means harmful and destructive, which is not relevant to the sentence.
Option (d) insidious is an incorrect option as it means treacherous and harmful in a gradual and subtle way, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (e) inane is an incorrect option as it means silly and foolish, which is not relevant to the sentence.

S9. Ans. (a)
Sol. The most appropriate word that could fit in the blank to make the sentence contextually meaningful and grammatically correct is demonstrates. The sentence suggests that Sarah’s busy schedule doesn’t stop her from making time for her loved ones, which shows her generosity. The word “demonstrates” means to show or prove something clearly and convincingly, which fits well in this context.
Option (b) contradicts is an incorrect option as it means to assert the opposite of something, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (c) undermines is an incorrect option as it means to weaken or damage something, which is not relevant to the sentence.
Option (d) exaggerates is an incorrect option as it means to overstate or overemphasize something, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (e) mitigates is an incorrect option as it means to make something less severe or painful, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.

S10. Ans. (b)
Sol. The most appropriate word that could fit in the blank to make the sentence contextually meaningful and grammatically correct is resounding. The sentence suggests that the company’s new product was a big success, selling out within hours of its release. The word “resounding” means emphatic and impressive, which fits well in this context.
Option (a) dismal is an incorrect option as it means depressing and miserable, which is the opposite of what the sentence suggests.
Option (c) irrelevant is an incorrect option as it means not important or pertinent, which is not relevant to the sentence.
Option (d) detrimental is an incorrect option as it means harmful and damaging, which is the opposite of what the sentence suggests.
Option (e) unscrupulous is an incorrect option as it means unethical and dishonest, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.

S11. Ans. (c)
Sol. The most appropriate word that could fit in the blank to make the sentence contextually meaningful and grammatically correct is amused, which means to entertain or cause someone to laugh. The sentence talks about a comedian’s latest joke and its effect on the audience. The word “amused” implies that the joke was funny and had the audience laughing uncontrollably.
Option (a) enraged, which means to make someone very angry, is an incorrect option as it doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (b) depressed, which means to make someone feel sad or hopeless, is an incorrect option as it doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (d) disgusted, which means to make someone feel revulsion or strong disapproval, is an incorrect option as it doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (e) alarmed, which means to make someone feel frightened or uneasy, is an incorrect option as it doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.

S12. Ans (c)
Sol. The most appropriate word that could fit in the blank to make the sentence contextually meaningful and grammatically correct is eroded, which means to gradually weaken or destroy something. The sentence talks about a political scandal and its effect on the public’s trust in the government and its ability to serve the people. The word “eroded” implies that the scandal has gradually damaged the public’s confidence in the government.
Option (a) bolstered, which means to strengthen or support something, is an incorrect option as it doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (b) restored, which means to bring back or return something to its original condition, is an incorrect option as it doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (d) enhanced, which means to improve or increase something, is an incorrect option as it doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (e) fortified, which means to strengthen or secure something, is an incorrect option as it doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.

S13. Ans (d)
Sol. The most appropriate word that could fit in the blank to make the sentence contextually meaningful and grammatically correct is articulation, which means the clear and distinct pronunciation of words. The sentence talks about the speaker’s ability to captivate and hold the audience’s attention with their speaking skills.
Option (a) verbosity, which means using too many words, is an incorrect option as it doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (b) hesitation, which means doubt or reluctance, is an incorrect option as it doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (c) garrulousness, which means excessive talking, is an incorrect option as it doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (e) inarticulacy, which means difficulty in expressing oneself clearly, is an incorrect option as it doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.

S14. Ans. (c)
Sol. The most appropriate word that could fit in the blank to make the sentence contextually meaningful and grammatically correct is consolidate, which means to bring together or combine. The sentence talks about the company’s CEO who has promised to restructure and simplify its operations. Option (a) dismantle, which means to take apart or destroy, is an incorrect option as it doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (b) proliferate, which means to increase rapidly, is an incorrect option as it doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (d) antagonize, which means to provoke hostility or opposition, is an incorrect option as it doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (e) efface, which means to erase or obliterate, is an incorrect option as it doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.

S15. Ans. (b)
Sol. The most appropriate word that could fit in the statement to make it contextually meaningful and grammatically correct is augment. The sentence talks about the coach’s disappointment in the team’s performance and his expectation for improvement in the next game. The word “augment” fits well in this context as it means to increase or enhance something, which is what the coach expects the team to do – augment their efforts to perform better in the next game.
Option (a) diminish is an incorrect option as it means to make something smaller or weaker, which is not what the coach wants the team to do.
Option (c) overlook is an incorrect option as it means to miss or ignore something, which doesn’t fit the context of the sentence.
Option (d) undermine is an incorrect option as it means to weaken or damage something, which is not what the coach wants the team to do.
Option (e) ridicule is an incorrect option as it means to mock or make fun of something, which is not relevant to the sentence.

English Language Quiz For IDBI AM/ Bank of India PO 2023 -13th April | Latest Hindi Banking jobs_30.1

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English Language Quiz For IDBI AM/ Bank of India PO 2023 -13th April

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