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English Language Notes for Competitive Exams 2023: Antonyms and Synonyms, 50 Essential Words to Learn

शब्दों के अर्थ और प्रयोग हर भाषा के लिए महत्वपूर्ण होते हैं। English भाषा में भी शब्दों के अर्थों के समान और विपरीत शब्दों का उपयोग व्यापक रूप से किया जाता है। यह समझना बेहद जरूरी है क्योंकि शब्दों का समय पर और सही उपयोग हमें अधिक संवेदनशील और सुगम बनाता है।

विपरीत शब्दों का उपयोग अपने विचारों और भाषा को समझाने के लिए उपयोगी होता है। English भाषा में  विपरीत शब्दों को समझना आम भाषा में एक शब्द का अर्थ समझाने की तुलना में आसान होता है। इन शब्दों का अच्छी तरह से उपयोग हमें अपनी भाषा के व्यवहार को सुधारने में मदद करता है।

Welcome to this vocabulary-building article that focuses on the essential words you need to know to improve your language skills. In this article, we will be discussing synonyms and antonyms of 50 words to help you expand your vocabulary and improve your communication skills.

Previously, we provided you with a list of 50 important antonyms and synonyms to help you expand your vocabulary and improve your writing and communication skills. Today, we have another list of 50 words that are commonly used in the English language, along with their antonyms and synonyms. Let’s get started!


No. Word Synonyms Antonyms
1. Calamity Adversity, Misfortune Fortune
2. Callous Obdurate, Unfeeling Compassionate, Tender
3. Calumny Defamation, Aspersion Commendation, Praise
4. Capable Competent, Able Incompetent, Inept
5. Captivate Charm, Fascinate Disillusion, Offend
6. Captivity Imprisonment, Confinement Freedom, Liberty
7. Cease Terminate, Desist Begin, Originate
8. Chaste Virtuous, Pure Sullied, Lustful
9. Chastise Punish, Admonish Cheer, Encourage
10. Compassion Kindness, Sympathy Cruelty, Barbarity
11. Comprise Include, Contain Reject, Lack
12. Concede Yield, Permit Deny, Reject
13. Concur Approve, Agree Differ, Disagree
14. Consent Agree, Permit Object, Disagree
15. Consequence Effect, Outcome Origin, Start
16. Consolidate Solidify, Strengthen Separate, Weaken
17. Conspicuous Prominent, Obvious Concealed, Hidden
18. Contempt Scorn, Disregard Regard, Praise
19. Contradict Deny, Oppose Approve, Confirm
20. Contrary Dissimilar, Conflicting Similar, Alike
21. Calm Harmonious, Unruffled Stormy, Turbulent
22. Callous Insensitive, Indurated Kind, Merciful
23. Camouflage Cloak, Disguise Reveal
24. Candid Blunt, Bluff Evasive
25. Captivate Beguile, Bewitch Repel
26. Carnal Earthly, Fleshly Spiritual
27. Catholic Generic, Liberal Narrow-Minded
28. Celebrated Acclaimed, Lionized Unknown, Inglorious


29 Cement Plaster, mortar Disintegrate
30 Censure Rebuke, reprimand Praise, Acceptance
31 Cheap Competitive, Inexpensive Dear, unreasonable
32 Clandestine Covert, furtive Open, legal
33 Classic Simple, typical Romantic, unusual
34 Coarse Bawdy, boorish Fine, chaste
35 Comic Clown, jester Tragic, tragedian
36 Compact Bunched, thick Loose, diffuse
37 Compress Abbreviate, shrink Amplify, expand
38 Conceit Egotism, immodesty Modesty
39 Concord Agreement, accord Discord
40 Condemn Castigate, chide Approve, praise
41 Confident Bold, undaunted Diffident, cowardly
42 Consolidate Centralize, fortify Weaken
43 Courtesy Generosity, reverence Disdain, rudeness
44 Creation Formation, foundation Destruction
45 Cunning Acute, smart Nave, coarse
46 Decay Collapse, decompose Flourish, progress
47 Deceit Deception, artifice Veracity, sincerity
48 Decipher Interpret, reveal Misinterpret, distort
49 Defile Contaminate, pollute Purify, sanctity
50 Defray Spend, pay Disclaim, repudiate

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Q: What are antonyms?

A: Antonyms are words with opposite meanings. For example, hot and cold, happy and sad, or big and small are antonyms.

Q: What are synonyms?

A: Synonyms are words with similar meanings. For example, happy and joyful, big and large, or fast and quick are synonyms.

Q: Why are antonyms and synonyms important?

A: Antonyms and synonyms are important for improving vocabulary, communication skills, and understanding the nuances of a language. They help in choosing the right words to convey a particular message and make communication more effective.

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