Saturday, 22 April 2017

एसबीआई पीओ, बैंक ऑफ बड़ौदा पीओ परीक्षा 2017 के लिए नया पैटर्न अंग्रेजी प्रश्नोतरी

SBI PO और NIACL Assistant की परीक्षा के लिए अब केवल कुछ ही दिन शेष हैं. यह समय SBI PO Prelims और NIACL Assistant Prelims 2017 की परीक्षा के लिए अपनी तैयारी में तेजी लाने का है. यह अंग्रेजी के प्रश्न आपको BOB PO और NICL AO 2017 recruitment examination में भी बेहतर अंक प्राप्त करने में सहायता करेंगे. हम व्याकरण अनुभाग के लिए study notes भी प्रदान कर रहे है. और आप New Pattern English Questions का भी अभ्यास कर सकते है. 

Directions (1-5): Rearrange the following FIVE sentences (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph; then answer the questions given below them.
(A) Put simply, the ancient Greek city (polis) was configured as a kosmos before the philosophers adopted the pertinent term and used it to assert that the natural world is likewise, an intelligible and ordered whole.
(B) To begin with, there is the question of philosophy’s origins within the first self-governing civic polities known to man.
(C) The annually elected magistrates of the city of Crete that appears to have pioneered constitutional forms were called kosmoi.
(D) It is revealing that the kosmos and its cognates were used in the political realm well before they were appropriated by the philosophers.
(E) The army described in the Catalogue of Ships in the second book of Homer’s Iliad, was arranged in its appropriate ranks by a kosmetor.

Q1. Which of the following will be the FIRST sentence after rearrangement?
(a) B
(b) C
(c) D
(d) E
(e) A

Q2. Which of the following will be the SECOND sentence after rearrangement?
(a) A
(b) B
(c) C
(d) D
(e) E

Q3. Which of the following will be the THIRD sentence after rearrangement?
(a) B
(b) C
(c) D
(d) E
(e) A

Q4. Which of the following will be the FIFTH sentence after rearrangement?
(a) A
(b) B
(c) C
(d) D
(e) E

Q5. Which of the following will be the Fourth sentence after rearrangement?
(a) B
(b) C
(c) D
(d) E
(e) A

Directions (6-15): The following questions are based on the reasoning contained in brief statements or passages. For some questions, more than one of the choices could conceivably answer the question. However, you are to choose the best answer; that is, the response that most accurately and completely answer the question. You should not make assumptions that are by commonsense standards implausible, superfluous, or incompatible with the passage.

Q6. Based on 1.5 m people and 16 studies looking at the relationship between sleep and mortality, researchers have concluded that one must ideally have six to eight-hour sleep in a day and regularly getting less than six hours sleep a night can lead to an early grave. They also found an association between sleeping for more than nine hours and early death.
Which of the following, if true, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion of the study?
(a) Lack of sufficient sleep makes one person drowsy and more susceptible to accidents and death.
(b) Modern society has seen a gradual reduction in the average amount of sleep people take.
(c) Lack of sleep is sometimes the direct cause of some illness due to which there is premature death.
(d) Too little or too much sleep is sometimes the result of fatal illnesses leading to premature death.
(e) The deterioration of our health status is often accompanied by an extension of our sleeping time.

Q7. Drug addiction has to be treated as an illness and not punished as a crime. The reasons for addiction are many. In Nagaland and Kashmir, it could be the continuous harassment by security forces. Or even the lack of recreation facilities. In Punjab and in cities like Mumbai and Delhi, it could be unfulfilled ambitions, unemployment, or peer pressure. In Arunachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Madhya Pradesh, drug use is also a tradition. For overworked truck drivers it has become a necessity. And all over India one common reason is terrorized childhood.
Which of the following most accurately expresses the assumption underlying the argument?
(a) Drug addiction is not a crime.
(b) The reasons leading to drug addiction and crime are not the same.
(c) Drug addiction is a crime directed at oneself.
(d) The different effects of the same causes need to be differentiated in law.
(e) Traditions are not crimes.

Q8. The Nazis did not kill the Jews because they wanted their territory – the Jews had none; or because the Jews were followers of a rival religious faith – the Nazis and their henchmen were atheists and enemies of all religion. Even less did the Nazis kill Jews because of their ideological differences – Jews had no peculiarly “Jewish” ideology. Nor did the Nazis exterminate the Jews in order to take their property – most Jews were poor, and those who owned anything probably would have given it up gladly in order to save themselves.
Which of the following conclusions follows form the above?
(a) Nazis’ extermination of Jews had only one motive – hatred.
(b) No known motives can be attributed to the Nazis’ extermination of Jews.
(c) The Nazis’ extermination of Jews had no motive at all.
(d) The Nazis exterminated the Jews because of the Nazis perceived Jews as a threat.
(e) The Nazis’ extermination of Jews lacks the usual motives found in other massacres.

Q9. “Be careful what you post on Facebook,” US President Barack Obama warned American high school students this past September. “Whatever you do, it will be pulled up again later somewhere in your life.” In fact, we all are coming to learn that lesson the hard way: digital information almost never goes away, even if we wish that it would. The result is the permanency of the past in the present. This fact is one of the biggest challenges that society will face as computers and the Internet become more a part of everyday life.
Which of the following best strengthens the above argument?
(a) We tend to retain our rough drafts, years of e-mail traffic, and thousands of digital snapshots in our computers.
(b) We have much to gain individually and as a society from sharing information with each other.
(c) We are increasingly confronted with outdated information taken out of context, from stories we had long ago forgotten.
(d) We tend to take actually much more time and effort to shed data than to keep it.
(e) Stories form the past rarely provide accurate information about the present.

Q10. A class of drugs commonly used to treat heart problems has been linked with a “modestly” increased risk of cancer. Analysis of published data from all trials of angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) found one extra case of cancer for, every 105 patients treated. The US researchers said the evidence from nine trials should prompt drug regulators to investigate. But they advised people not to stop taking the drugs, but to see their doctors if concerned. ARBs are mainly prescribed for conditions such as high blood pressure and heart failure.
The researchers who advised people not to stop taking ARBs assume which of the following?
(a) The risk of cancer owing to ARBs is negligible.
(b) ARBs beneficial effects are far greater than the risk of cancer.
(c) People on ARBs are very few and cannot significantly increase the number of cancer patients.
(d) Alternative compositions available for ARBs are also known to have side effects.
(e) None of these

Q11. West Africa has become an attractive trade route for Latin America's cocaine smugglers in recent years. On June 8th two tonnes of the stuff—with an estimated street value of over $1 billion—were seized in the Gambia. While cocaine use in America has fallen by 50% over the last two decades, some European countries have seen consumption rates double or triple. Aided by its corruptible police and flimsy money-laundering laws, up to 150 tonnes of cocaine are estimated to pass through the region a year. In 2006, 36% of the cocaine carriers caught in one network of European airports had come from West Africa. In 2008 this had dropped to 17%.
Which of the following can be inferred from the above?
(a) Cocaine trade in Europe had reduced in the period from 2006 to 2008.
(b) There is a focus on the Gambian drug gangs after the cocaine raid.
(c) Europe's cocaine habit has harmed West Africa.
(d) American cocaine trade reduced owing to the efficiency of its police.
(e) None of the above

Q12. Fears of a “jobless, recovery” in the West have abounded ever since the world economy returned from the abyss last year. For some, the latest quarterly survey from Manpower, a global employment-services company, brings timely good news. Of the 36 countries included in Manpower’s survey, employers in 30 of them are increasingly bullish about their hiring plans for the next three months compared with the third quarter of 2009. The survey suggests that the BICs (Brazil, India, and China) bounce will continue. The three countries, along with Taiwan, report the most positive hiring plans in the survey, with China reporting its strongest hiring plans since the survey began there in 2005.
Which of the following can be inferred from the above?
(a) Post recession, employers globally are optimistic about hiring new workers.
(b) Unemployment rates in the BICs are lower than those in the West.
(c) Six countries in the survey are expecting a decrease in employment.
(d) In the West it was expected that plenty of jobs would be available post-recession.
(e) None of the above

Q13. The European Union climate commissioner says that the slowdown in economic activity will make it easier for the EU to achieve its 2020 goal of ensuring that greenhouse-gas emissions are 20% below their 1990 level. In fact, Hedegaard believes that cutting emissions has become so easy that European leaders should be more ambitious and unilaterally aim for a 30% reduction below the 1990 level. This may seem like good news, but it is not, because there is a strong correlation between economic growth and carbon emissions. For almost all countries, higher emissions come from higher growth rates. Restrict carbon emissions and GDP will falter. In other words, by advocating even deeper cuts in emissions, Hedegaard is, in effect, calling for an even deeper recession.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the above argument?
(a) Trying to cut back on emissions in the absence of practical alternatives has proved to be a recipe for economic stagnation.
(b) Climate models uniformly show that that for all the economic havoc that such carbon cuts would likely wreak, they would significant impact on global temperatures.
(c) The investments that EU has made in R&D in green energy technologies in the last decade have made it possible to reduce fossil-fuel consumption without crippling the economy.
(d) Despite the huge reduction on the part of the European Union, climate models show that the difference in climate by the end of the century would be practically indiscernible.
(e) The approach of European Union has failed spectacularly in the past; it seems likely to consign itself to an ever-dwindling economic position in the world.

Q14. When it comes to global warming, extreme scare stories abound. Al Gore, for example, famously claimed that a whopping 6 m (20 feet) of sea-level rise would flood major cities around the world. It is hard to keep up the climate panic as reality diverges from the alarmist predictions more than ever before: the global temperature has not risen over the past ten years, it has declined precipitously in the last year and a half, and studies show that it might not rise again in the immediate future.
Which of the following, if true, strengthens the argument above?
(a) With global recession and high oil and food prices undermining the living standards of the Western middle class emissions have reduced drastically.
(b) Satellites orbiting the planet have measuring the global sea level every 10 days with an amazing degree of accuracy that in the last two years, sea levels have declined.
(c) The United Nations climate panel tells us that the best models indicate a sea-level rise over this century of 18 to 59 cm.
(d) In the last 150 years the sea rose by only 30 cm.
(e) Gore’s scientific advisor, Jim Hansen from NASA, has suggested that there will eventually be sea-level rises of 24 m (80 feet), with a 6-m rise happening just this century.

Q15. One of the most significant steps taken to respond to climate change is bio-fuels. Adopted because of the climate panic, bio-fuels are supposed to reduce CO2 emissions. Bio fuels are described as part of a “brighter future for the planet.” But using bio-fuels to combat climate change must rate as one of the poorest global "solutions” to any great challenge in recent times. Bio-fuels essentially take food from mouths and puts it into cars. The grain required to fill the tank of an SUV with ethanol is enough to feed one African for a year. Thirty percent of this year’s corn production in the United States will be burned up is America’s highways.
Which of the following serves to strengthen the above argument?
(a) The rush towards bio-fuels has also contributed to rising food prices.
(b) Because of climate panic, the attempts to mitigate climate change have resulted in spending hundreds of billions of dollars in research o bio fuels.
(c) Because increased demand for bio-fuels leads to cutting down carbon-rich forests, the net effect of using them has doubled CO2, emissions.
(d) Because of alarmist panic, we have blocked out sensible solutions leading to bad policies on climate change.
(e) Technologies are available to produce bio fuels from non-food crops, crop residue, and waste.

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