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English Quizzes For Bank Foundation 2023 13th January

Directions (1-5): Answer the following questions after rearranging the following sentences into a coherent paragraph and identify the sentence that doesn’t fit into the context of the paragraph.

(A) This geopolitical period is perhaps the most troubled since the final decades of the 20th century.
(B)According to 2018 data, India occupies the fourth place in military expenditure across the world, behind the U.S., China, and Saudi Arabia.
(C) In India, exercises of this kind are sometimes undertaken, but they suffer from a lack of clarity and are restricted in scope.
(D)Hence, there exists a vital need to adopt right strategic choices.
(E) Undoubtedly, we are living through a moment of decisive change and turbulence.
(F)What is needed, nevertheless, is sober reflection and a cost-benefit analysis, to ensure that the amounts expended are in tune with our strategic requirements.
(G)This does not mean that India has no further need to increase its stock of state-of-the art weapons.

Q1. Considering statement (E) as the first sentence of the rearranged paragraph, then which among the following fails to become the part of the coherent paragraph?
(a) A
(b) B
(c) D
(d) C
(e) E

Q2. Considering statement (E) as the first sentence of the rearranged paragraph, then which one among the following will be the PENULTIMATE sentence?
(a) D
(b) G
(c) A
(d) F
(e) None of the above

Q3. Among the following pairs which one of them is formed with two consecutive statements after the rearrangement?
(a) B-A
(b) F-G
(c) B-G
(d) D-E
(e) A-E

Q4. Considering statement (E) as the first sentence of the rearranged paragraph, identify the correct sequence of the sentences to form a coherent paragraph (excluding the incoherent one).
(a) EABGDF
(b) EBADFG
(c) EABDFG
(d) EADBGF
(e) None of these

Q5. Considering statement (E) as the first sentence of the rearranged paragraph, which of the following statement should be FOURTH sentence after the rearrangement? (excluding the incoherent sentence)
(a) A
(b) F
(c) B
(d) G
(e) D

Directions (6-8): In each of the following questions, a word is given with five options. Choose among the options that contains either synonym-antonym, both synonyms or both antonyms of the given word.

Q6.
Jinx
(a) Spell, Boon
(b) Naive, Abject
(c) Arrogant, Disconnect
(d) Lustful, Essential
(e) Indomitable, Selfishness

Q7.
Pandemonium
(a) Bitter, Pathetic
(b) Impeach, Dethrone
(c) Tumult, Calm
(d) Beset, Banal
(e) Confront, Avoid

Q8.
Monstrous
(a) Heavenly, Definable
(b) Atrocious, Heinous
(c) Forgetful, Attentive
(d) Abandon, Sink
(e) Investigation, Neglect

Directions (9-12): Each of the following questions has a paragraph from which one sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the sentence that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

Q9.
On the eve of U.S President Donald Trump’s visit to India, a further spurt in defence purchases is anticipated. _____________________________________________ for the National Advanced Surface to Air Missile System (NASAMS-II), intended as part of a multi-layered missile shield to protect Delhi. The U.S. side is also hoping for two more mega defence deals, worth $3.5-billion to be signed for 24 MH-60 Romeo Multi Mission Helicopters for the Navy and an additional six AH-64E Apache Attack Helicopters for the Army. (India’s Cabinet Committee on Security, on Wednesday, cleared the MH-60 helicopter deal.)

(a) Mr. Trump’s political motivations notwithstanding.
(b) New Delhi must ensure its projection as a net gain.
(c) Challenges for India could worsen in the coming years.
(d) Speculation is rife that India and the U.S. would sign a deal.
(e) None of these

Q10.
From quick sequencing of the whole genome of the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 that causes COVID-19 — after alerting WHO in December 2019 about a cluster of pneumonia cases of unknown cause — to quickly developing viral diagnostic tests, China has done much to address the epidemic. _______________________. Add to this the speed at which two new hospitals with 2,600 beds were built. Also, the many facilities that became temporary hospitals in the face of growing cases is testimony to China’s ability to pull off the unimaginable in containing the epidemic.

(a) As on Wednesday, mainland China had 74,185 cases and 2,004 deaths.
(b) Transparency and timely action helped the State contain the outbreaks within days.
(c) After initially reporting 44 cases to WHO, the numbers were reduced to 41 on January11.
(d) Secrecy is a killer and transparency the saviour.
(e) None of these

Q11.
The Afghan Independent Election Commission’s much-delayed announcement that President Ashraf Ghani is the winner of the September 28 Presidential election is expected to deepen the political crisis in the war-torn country. __________________________________ he secured a narrow victory with 50.64% of votes against his main opponent Abdullah Abdullah’s 39.52% — itself points to the seriousness of the crisis. Mr. Abdullah has called the results fraudulent and vowed to form a parallel government. If he does so, it would undermine the already feeble Afghan administration whose writ does not stretch beyond the main urban centres.
(a) Worse the infighting comes at a time when the US is near a Taliban agreement
(b) That it took almost five months to declare the official result
(c) The US just wants to get out of a lost war.
(d) The Afghan government had no control over the security situation.
(e) None of these

Q12.
Indian benchmarks snapped a four-day losing streak on Wednesday as ________________________________________in China along with expectations of action by the Indian government to limit the impact of the outbreak revived investor interest in equities. The 30-share Sensex gained 428.62 points, or 1.05%, to close at 41,323. It closed just a tad lower than the day’s high of 41,357.16. The rally was visible in many side counters as well with more than 1,500 stocks gaining ground as against around 1,000 stocks that ended in the red.
(a) The previous month saw such investors
(b) Positive sentiment were also created after
(c) Meanwhile, the broader Nifty settles the day
(d) A decline in the number of new COVID-19 cases
(e) None of these

Directions (13-15): In the following questions, a sentence is given in bold. Then three paragraphs are given. From the given paragraphs you need to choose those that help us to infer the given bold sentence.

Q13. Fear factor: Global stock markets in turmoil as pandemic looms
(I) It’s not quite carnage yet but the big falls in overseas stock markets on Monday were a response to investor recognition that the coronavirus is not just a problem for China and perhaps the wider Asia-Pacific, nor just a blip in the global growth rate, but is rapidly becoming a global and more lasting threat.

(II) Oil demand in China is also estimated to have fallen by as much as a quarter in February, as big cities have been quarantined, flights cancelled and public holidays extended to try to contain the spread of the virus, which has killed more than 600 people and infected more than 31,000.
(III) Global stocks had their worst day in two years as new coronavirus cases outside China dashed hopes that the outbreak had been contained and raised fears of slowing global growth.

(a) only II
(b) only I
(c) both II and III
(d) both I and III
(e) all I, II, III

Q14. How Your Laptop Ruined Your Life

(I) As laptops have kept improving, and Wi-Fi has continued to reach ever further into the crevices of American life, however, the reality of laptops’ potential stopped looking quite so rosy. Instead of liberating white-collar and “knowledge” workers from their office, laptops turned many people’s whole life into an office. Smartphones might require you to read an after-hours email or check in on the office-communication platform Slack before you started your commute, but portable computers gave workers 24-hour access to the sophisticated, expensive applications—Salesforce CRM, Oracle ERP, Adobe Photoshop—that made their full range of duties possible.
(II) For young people who have never experienced professional life any other way, being constantly available and ready to put in another hour or to solve another problem is often seen as a reputational requirement, which shoves personal interests, hobbies, and goals to the periphery of people’s life and burns them out. It makes it hard to focus on cooking dinner or getting a good night’s sleep. People take their laptop on their vacations, just in case. At many companies, laptop culture creates the expectation that a real sick day is only available to the seriously hobbled; otherwise, you and your head cold better be working from home.
(III) Laptops, of course, aren’t all bad. They remove a barrier for those who want to write, create art, make music, or develop a new skill. Laptops can be portals of procrastination, leading to hours of Bojack Horseman or YouTube makeup tutorials. Because they’re still pretty unwieldy, they don’t lend themselves to the same kind of mindless check-ins that can make smartphones so stressful. I’ve never seen anyone nearly get hit by a car because they couldn’t look up from a computer.
(a) only II
(b) only I
(c) both I and II
(d) both I and III
(e) None of these

Q15. Airline workers face losing up in wages

(I) Jet star workers face losing close to $200,000 in lifetime wages and superannuation as a result of an 18-month wage freeze Qantas imposed between 2014 and 2016.
An analysis of the cumulative impact of wage freezes from September 2014 until March 2016 has found the workers, who went on strike in December, stand to lose up to $150,000 in lifetime wages and $40,000 in superannuation.

(II) THE spread of Coronavirus in the region and the impact of public protests and mass demonstrations have brought about a dramatic slump in traffic figures at Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA), writes Nigel Tomkins.
In what has been a very turbulent time for China and its neighbours, the south-east Asian hub saw passenger and cargo numbers decrease in January 2020 during which it handled 5.7 million passengers and 33,210 flight movements, representing year-on-year decreases of 11.7 and 9.1 per cent respectively.

(III) “The new flight will provide efficient and high-quality transport solutions for these businesses, as well as opportunities for small- and medium-sized Hungarian enterprises shipping to Korea and further by utilising Korean Air’s entire network via Seoul.”
(a) only I
(b) only III
(c) both II and III
(d) both I and III
(e) None of these

Solutions

S1. Ans. (d)
Sol. The correct sequence of the given sentences is EADBGF
(E) Undoubtedly, we are living through a moment of decisive change and turbulence.
(A) This geopolitical period is perhaps the most troubled since the final decades of the 20th century.
(D)Hence, there exists a vital need to adopt right strategic choices.
(B)According to 2018 data, India occupies the fourth place in military expenditure across the world, behind the U.S., China, and Saudi Arabia.
(G)This does not mean that India has no further need to increase its stock of state-of-the art weapons.
(F)What is needed, nevertheless, is sober reflection and a cost-benefit analysis, to ensure that the amounts expended are in tune with our strategic requirements.
Hence, option (d) is the right answer choice.

S2. Ans. (b)
Sol. The correct sequence of the given sentences is EADBGF
(E) Undoubtedly, we are living through a moment of decisive change and turbulence.
(A) This geopolitical period is perhaps the most troubled since the final decades of the 20th century.
(D)Hence, there exists a vital need to adopt right strategic choices.
(B)According to 2018 data, India occupies the fourth place in military expenditure across the world, behind the U.S., China, and Saudi Arabia.
(G)This does not mean that India has no further need to increase its stock of state-of-the art weapons.
(F)What is needed, nevertheless, is sober reflection and a cost-benefit analysis, to ensure that the amounts expended are in tune with our strategic requirements.
Hence, option (b) is the right answer choice.

S3. Ans. (c)
Sol. The correct sequence of the given sentences is EADBGF
(E) Undoubtedly, we are living through a moment of decisive change and turbulence.
(A) This geopolitical period is perhaps the most troubled since the final decades of the 20th century.
(D)Hence, there exists a vital need to adopt right strategic choices.
(B)According to 2018 data, India occupies the fourth place in military expenditure across the world, behind the U.S., China, and Saudi Arabia.
(G)This does not mean that India has no further need to increase its stock of state-of-the art weapons.
(F)What is needed, nevertheless, is sober reflection and a cost-benefit analysis, to ensure that the amounts expended are in tune with our strategic requirements.
Hence, option (c) is the right answer choice.

S4. Ans. (d)
Sol. The correct sequence of the given sentences is EADBGF
(E) Undoubtedly, we are living through a moment of decisive change and turbulence.
(A) This geopolitical period is perhaps the most troubled since the final decades of the 20th century.
(D)Hence, there exists a vital need to adopt right strategic choices.
(B)According to 2018 data, India occupies the fourth place in military expenditure across the world, behind the U.S., China, and Saudi Arabia.
(G)This does not mean that India has no further need to increase its stock of state-of-the art weapons.
(F)What is needed, nevertheless, is sober reflection and a cost-benefit analysis, to ensure that the amounts expended are in tune with our strategic requirements.
Hence, option (d) is the right answer choice.

S5. Ans. (c)
Sol. The correct sequence of the given sentences is EADBGF
(E) Undoubtedly, we are living through a moment of decisive change and turbulence.
(A) This geopolitical period is perhaps the most troubled since the final decades of the 20th century.
(D)Hence, there exists a vital need to adopt right strategic choices.
(B)According to 2018 data, India occupies the fourth place in military expenditure across the world, behind the U.S., China, and Saudi Arabia.
(G)This does not mean that India has no further need to increase its stock of state-of-the art weapons.
(F)What is needed, nevertheless, is sober reflection and a cost-benefit analysis, to ensure that the amounts expended are in tune with our strategic requirements.
Hence, option (c) is the right answer choice.

S6. Ans. (a)
Sol. Jinx means a person or thing that brings bad luck or a person or thing that brings bad luck.
Spell and Boon are synonym and antonym respectively of the given word.
Hence, option (a) is the right answer choice.

S7. Ans. (c)
Sol. Pandemonium means wild and noisy disorder or confusion; uproar.
Tumult and Calm are synonym and antonym respectively of the given word.
Hence, option (c) is the right answer choice.

S8. Ans. (b)
Sol. Monstrous means having the ugly or frightening appearance of a monster.
Both Atrocious and Heinous are synonyms of the given word. Hence, option (b) is the right answer choice.

S9. Ans. (d)
Sol. Speculation is rife that India and the U.S. would sign a deal completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way. Hence, option (d) is the right answer choice.

S10. Ans. (a)
Sol. As on Wednesday, mainland China had 74,185 cases and 2,004 deaths completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way. Hence, option (a) is the right answer choice.

S11. Ans. (b)
Sol. That it took almost five months to declare the official result completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way. Hence, option (b) is the right answer choice.

S12. Ans. (d)
Sol. A decline in the number of new COVID-19 cases completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way. Hence, option (d) is the right answer choice.

S13. Ans. (d)
Sol. While going through the first Paragraph, it is clear that the passage is talking about the Global Stock market is in turmoil due to the Coronavirus threat. So, statement (I) is correct.
As, for the statement (II), the sentence is telling the impact of the virus but it has no consonance with the global market.
In the statement (III), the market is down due to the hope that further outbreak due to coronavirus can come anytime. Hence, option (d) is the correct answer choice.

S14. Ans. (c)
Sol.
Both the paragraph (I) & (II) infers the same meaning as given in the sentence. The paragraph (III) discusses also about the importance of laptop but it’s telling about its positive usage which is against the other two paragraphs. The Hence, option (b) is correct answer choice

S15. Ans. (a)
Sol. Only the paragraph (I) can be used to infer the given sentence. It talks about the Jet star workers losing their wages while option (II) & (III) is not relatable to the passage.

The paragraph (II) is out of context as it is talking about the impact of coronavirus in traffic figures at Hong Kong International Airport. Hence, option (b) is correct answer choice

The paragraph (III) is also not in line with the passage as it is talking about the feature of the new flight which provides efficient and high-quality transport solutions. This makes option (a) our correct answer choice.

English Quizzes For Bank Foundation 2023 13th January |_50.1

English Quizzes For Bank Foundation 2023 13th January |_60.1

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