Daily Vocabulary: 6th July 2019

Daily Vocabulary: 6th July 2019


Rahul Gandhi has forced a churn in the Congress that might lay the basis for a revival

With Rahul Gandhi stating categorically that he would not continue as Congress president, one uncertainty that had gripped the party has ended. But this culmination does not end the disorder and chaos in the party, which is in a state of paralysis since its rout in the parliamentary election. Mr. Gandhi’s letter of resignation is part self-reflection, about the Congress in general and his own personal role in it, and part a critique of the state of affairs of Indian politics. Mr. Gandhi felt the need for introspection and accountability and restated his long-held position that he was in politics not for power but social change. By sticking to his decision to quit as party chief, he has thrown a challenge at his colleagues to find a life outside the shelter of the Nehru-Gandhi family. The coterie that flourished around his mother and predecessor Sonia Gandhi had reduced politics to manipulation and turned the party into an instrument of vested interests. A small club of self-seekers who reinforce one another and don’t face the electorate had taken over the Congress years before Mr. Gandhi came on the scene. His letter is an indictment of these leaders, whose personal fortunes never waned, even as the party’s plummeted.

Culmination(Noun) : परिणति
Meaning: the highest or climactic point of something, especially as attained after a long time.
Synonym: climax, pinnacle
Antonym: nadir

Critique(noun) : आलोचना
Meaning: a detailed analysis and assessment of something, especially a literary, philosophical, or political theory.
Synonym: analysis, evaluation,
Antonym: compliment, flattery

Introspection(noun) :आत्मनिरीक्षण
Meaning: the examination or observation of one's own mental and emotional processes.
Synonym: brooding, self-analysis
Antonym: unthoughtful

Coterie(Noun): मंडली
Meaning: a small group of people with shared interests or tastes, especially one that is exclusive of other people.
Synonym: clique, set, circle
Antonym: individualist

Vested(verb) : निहित
Meaning: confer or bestow (power, authority, property, etc.) on someone.
Synonym: entrust to, invest in
Antonym: decrease, condemn

Indictment(noun) : अभियोग
Meaning: a formal charge or accusation of a serious crime.
Synonym: charge, accusation
Antonym: acquittal

Waned(Verb) : क्षीण होना
Meaning:(of the moon) have a progressively smaller part of its visible surface illuminated, so that it appears to decrease in size.
Synonym: disappear, decrease
Antonym: increase, grow

Plummeted(verb) : गिरावट
Meaning: fall or drop straight down at high speed.
Synonym: plunge, fall headlong,
Antonym: arise, ascend