Vocab For Banking Examinations From The Hindu Newspaper

प्रिय पाठको,,

शब्दावली(Vocabulary ) अंग्रेजी का एक महत्वपूर्ण अंग है जो आपको विभिन्न प्रकार के प्रश्नों के साथ-साथ विभिन्न परीक्षाओं के वर्णनात्मक पत्रों से निपटने में सहायता करता है.आप प्रतिदिन हमारी  Daily Word List से नए शब्द सीख सकते हैं.शब्दों को जानें और दी गई शब्द सूची के आधार पर अपने स्वयं के वाक्य बनाएं.यहां  द हिन्दू की कुछ लाइनें हैं.

Example/उदाहरण: India should come out of its policy bottleneck where every act of its generosity is for immediate self-aggrandizement rather than long-term gain.

1. Bottleneck [bot-l-nek]-रास्ते का संकीर्ण भाग 
Noun: a narrow entrance or passageway; a place or stage in a process at which progress is impeded.
Synonyms: barrier, blockage, congestion, hindrance, impediment, snag, traffic jam, block, clog, jam, obstruction, hold-up.
Antonyms: aid, assistance, help, opening.

2. Aggrandizement [uh-gran-diz-muh nt]-अभ्युदय/उन्नति 
Noun: an act or instance of aggrandizing, or increasing in size, or intensity; the act of making something appear greater than is actually warranted by the facts; expansion of power, wealth, rank, or honor.
Synonyms: elevation, ennoblement, glorification, tribute, aggrandization, praising.

Example/उदाहरण: If a nation’s resilience is tested by its response to the crisis in its surroundings, then India isn’t the super power it tries to project itself as. A superpower must have enough will to, as Uncle Ben suggested to Spiderman, take “great responsibility,” and should not just assemble state-of-the-art artilleries to flex in its Republic Day parades.

3. Resilience [ri-zil-yuh ns, -zil-ee-uh ns or ri-zil-yuh n-see, -zil-ee-uh n-see]-लचीलापन  
Noun: the power or ability to return to the original form, position, etc., after being bent, compressed, or stretched; elasticity; ability to recover readily from illness, depression, adversity, or the like; buoyancy.
Synonyms: flexibility, pliancy, recoil, snap.

4. Artillery [ahr-til-uh-ree]-तोपें/तोपखाना 
Noun: mounted projectile-firing guns or missile launchers, mobile or stationary, light or heavy, as distinguished from small arms; the troops or the branch of an army concerned with the use and service of such weapons; the science that treats of the use of such weapons.
Synonyms: battery, cannon, ordnance, arms, bazooka, force, gunnery, munitions, rainmakers, stovepipe, weapons, big guns, cannonry, heavy stuff.

Example/उदाहरण: For some time, this relationship has ceased. The Economic Surveys have come to increasingly reflect the predilections and preferences of its authors, raising the question whether Economic Surveys are designed to trigger intellectual debate and become incubators of nascent ideas.

5. Cease [sees]-रोकना/समाप्ति 
Verb: to stop; discontinue; to come to an end.
Synonyms: break off, desist, discontinue, fail, halt, quit, refrain, terminate, close, culminate, die, drop, end, finish, intermit, stay, surcease.
Antonyms: begin, carry on, complete, continue.

6. Predilection [pred-l-ek-shuh n, preed-]-पूर्वाभिरुचि 
Noun: a tendency to think favorably of something in particular; partiality; preference.
Synonyms: fondness, leaning, penchant, predisposition, proclivity, propensity, bent, bias, dish, druthers, fancy, flash, groove, inclining, liking.
Antonyms: disinclination, dislike, hate, hatred.

7. Incubator [in-kyuh-bey-ter, ing-]-अण्डे सेने की मशीन/ऊष्मानियंत्रक 
Noun: an apparatus in which eggs are hatched artificially; an enclosed apparatus in which prematurely born infants are kept in controlled conditions, as of temperature, for protection and care; an apparatus in which media inoculated with microorganisms are cultivated at a constant temperature.
Synonyms: incubator, breeding place.

8. Nascent [nas-uh nt, ney-suh nt]-नवजात 
Adjective: beginning to exist or develop.
Synonyms: burgeoning, fledgling, growing, incipient, promising, beginning, blossoming, germinal, germinating, maturing, opening, potential, pullulating.
Antonyms: dying, shrinking, withering.

Example/उदाहरण: That said, this Economic Survey has transparency and candour.

9. Candour [kan-der]-स्पष्टवादिता 
Noun: the state or quality of being frank, open, and sincere in speech or expression; candidness; freedom from bias; fairness; impartiality.
Synonyms: directness, fairness, frankness, honesty, outspokenness, probity, simplicity, sincerity, truthfulness, artlessness, forthrightness, glasnost, impartiality, ingenuousness.
Antonyms: deceit, dishonesty, lying, unfairness.

Example/उदाहरण: Is the media under siege?

10. Siege [seej]-घेराबंदी
Noun: the act or process of surrounding and attacking a fortified place in such a way as to isolate it from help and supplies, for the purpose of lessening the resistance of the defenders and thereby making capture possible; any prolonged or persistent effort to overcome resistance; a series of illnesses, troubles, or annoyances besetting a person or group.
Synonyms: annoy, bedevil, beset, plague, badger, blockade.
Antonyms: aid, make happy, please, assist, help, soothe.


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