The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary For IBPS 2017

प्रिय पाठको,

शब्दावली(Vocabulary ) अंग्रेजी का एक महत्वपूर्ण अंग है जो आपको विभिन्न प्रकार के प्रश्नों के साथ-साथ विभिन्न परीक्षाओं के वर्णनात्मक पत्रों से निपटने में सहायता करता है.आप प्रतिदिन हमारी  Daily Word List से नए शब्द सीख सकते हैं.शब्दों को जानें और दी गई शब्द सूची के आधार पर अपने स्वयं के वाक्य बनाएं.यहां  द हिन्दू की कुछ लाइनें हैं.

Example/उदाहरण: Hardening their position in their first formal response to the appointment of Dineshwar Sharma as the Government of India (goi) representative on J&K, the separatists on Tuesday described the offer for dialogue as “futile and a ploy to strike a hard bargain” despite New Delhi’s “informal” attempts to persuade them.

1. Futile [fyoot-l, fyoo-tahyl] =व्यर्थ
Adjective: incapable of producing any result; ineffective; useless; not successful; trifling; frivolous; unimportant.
Synonyms: fruitless, hollow, impractical, ineffective, ineffectual, insufficient, trivial, unproductive, unprofitable, unsuccessful, useless, vain, worthless, abortive, barren, bootless, delusive, empty, exhausted, forlorn, idle, impracticable, in vain, no dice, nugatory, on a treadmill, otiose, out the window.
Antonyms: effective, fruitful, helpful, productive.

2. Ploy [ploi] =चाल
Noun: a maneuver or stratagem, as in conversation, to gain the advantage.
Verb: Military Archaic. To move (troops) from a line into a column; Military Archaic. To move from a line into a column.
Synonyms: device, maneuver, ruse, scheme, stratagem, subterfuge, tactic, artifice, contrivance, dodge, feint, gambit, move.

3. Bargain [bahr-guh n] =सौदा
Noun: an advantageous purchase, especially one acquired at less than the usual cost; an agreement between parties settling what each shall give and take or perform and receive in a transaction; such an agreement as affecting one of the parties.
Verb: to discuss the terms of a bargain; haggle; negotiate; to come to an agreement; make a bargain.
Synonyms: arrangement, contract, deal, negotiation, pact, transaction, understanding, bond, business, compact, convention, covenant, engagement, pledge, promise, stipulation, treaty.
Antonyms: disagreement, misunderstanding, break, rip-off.

4. Persuade [per-sweyd] =राज़ी करना
Verb: to prevail on (a person) to do something, as by advising or urging; to induce to believe by appealing to reason or understanding; convince.
Synonyms: advise, assure, cajole, coax, enlist, entice, exhort, get, impress, incline, induce, influence, prompt, satisfy, sway, urge, woo, actuate, affect, allure, blandish, brainwash, convert.
Antonyms: discourage, dissuade, fail, halt.

Example/उदाहरण: “Comparing the internationally recognised 70-year-old political and humanitarian issue of Kashmir to sectarian war and power struggle in Syria is deception and propaganda. There is no correlation,” they said.

5. Humanitarian [hyoo-man-i-tair-ee-uh n or, often, yoo-] =मानवीय
Adjective: having concern for or helping to improve the welfare and happiness of people; of or relating to ethical or theological humanitarianism; pertaining to the saving of human lives or to the alleviation of suffering.
Noun: a person actively engaged in promoting human welfare and social reforms, as a philanthropist.
Synonyms: altruistic, charitable, humane, philanthropic, good, beneficent, benevolent, eleemosynary, generous, idealistic, kindly, public-spirited.
Antonyms: inhumane, uncharitable, unkind, unsympathetic.

6. Sectarian [sek-tair-ee-uh n] =सांप्रदायिक
Adjective: of or relating to sectaries or sects; narrowly confined or devoted to a particular sect; narrowly confined or limited in interest, purpose, scope, etc.
Noun: a member of a sect; a bigoted or narrow-minded adherent of a sect.
Synonyms: factional, parochial, partisan, dissident, doctrinaire, fanatic, limited, local, nonconformist, provincial, splinter, bigoted, clannish, cliquish, dogmatic, fanatical, hidebound, insular, nonconforming, rigid, schismatic.
Antonyms: conforming, broad, broad-minded, liberal, nonsectarian.

7. Deception [dih-sep-shuh n] =धोखा
Noun: the act of deceiving; the state of being deceived; something that deceives or is intended to deceive; fraud; artifice.
Synonyms: betrayal, deceit, disinformation, duplicity, falsehood, fraud, hypocrisy, lying, mendacity, treachery, trickery, untruth, beguilement, blarney, boondoggle, cheat, circumvention, cozenage, craftiness, cunning, deceitfulness, deceptiveness, dirt, dissimulation, double-dealing, dupery, equivocation, flimflam, fraudulence.
Antonyms: faithfulness, forthrightness, honesty, loyalty.

8. Propaganda [prop-uh-gan-duh] =प्रचार प्रसार
Noun: information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc; the deliberate spreading of such information, rumors, etc; the particular doctrines or principles propagated by an organization or movement.
Synonyms: disinformation, hype, indoctrination, publicity, advertising, agitprop, announcement, brainwashing, doctrine, evangelism, handout, hogwash, implantation, inculcation, newspeak, promotion, promulgation.
Antonyms: truth.

9. Correlation [kawr-uh-ley-shuh n, kor-] =सह - संबंध
Noun: mutual relation of two or more things, parts, etc.
Synonyms: similarity, correspondence, matching; parallelism, equivalence; interdependence, interrelationship, interconnection.
Antonyms: difference, disassociation, disconnection, imbalance.

Example/उदाहरण: The Hurriyat leaders warned that “any Kashmiri to be part of this futile exercise will only undermine our internationally acknowledged legitimate and just struggle.”

10. Undermine [uhn-der-mahyn or especially for 1, 2, 4, uhn-der-mahyn] =कमजोर
Verb: to injure or destroy by insidious activity or imperceptible stages, sometimes tending toward a sudden dramatic effect; to attack by indirect, secret, or underhand means; attempt to subvert by stealth; to make an excavation under; dig or tunnel beneath, as a military stronghold.
Synonyms: blunt, cripple, erode, frustrate, hurt, impair, ruin, sabotage, sap, subvert, threaten, thwart, torpedo, undercut, wreck, attenuate, corrode, debilitate, dig, disable, enfeeble, excavate.
Antonyms: aid, assist, build, construct.


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