The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary For IBPS 2017

प्रिय पाठको,

शब्दावली(Vocabulary ) अंग्रेजी का एक महत्वपूर्ण अंग है जो आपको विभिन्न प्रकार के प्रश्नों के साथ-साथ विभिन्न परीक्षाओं के वर्णनात्मक पत्रों से निपटने में सहायता करता है.आप प्रतिदिन हमारी  Daily Word List से नए शब्द सीख सकते हैं.शब्दों को जानें और दी गई शब्द सूची के आधार पर अपने स्वयं के वाक्य बनाएं.यहां  द हिन्दू की कुछ लाइनें हैं.

Example/उदाहरण: However, numerous countries which have had military rule, often for decades, have had to pass through pivotal moments in their processes of democratisation.

1. Pivotal [piv-uh-tl]-केंद्रीय/आधारभूत 
Adjective: of, relating to, or serving as a pivot; of vital or critical importance.
Synonyms: central, climactic, critical, crucial, decisive, essential, momentous, vital, cardinal, determining, focal, middle, overriding, overruling, principal, ruling.
Antonyms: inessential, minor, secondary, trivial.

2. Democratize [dih-mok-ruh-tahyz]-प्रजातंत्रीय बनाना 
Verb: to make or become democratic.

Example/उदहारण: There have been reversals, counter coups, revolutions and so-called ‘springs’, and some successes and many failures.

3. Reversal [ri-vur-suh l]-उलट/ परिवर्तन/बदलाव 
Noun: an act or instance of reversing; the state of being reversed; an adverse change of fortune; reverse.
Synonyms: annulment, cancellation, repeal, switch, turnabout, turnaround, U-turn, retraction, volte-face, backpedaling, change in direction, doubleback, rescinding.
Antonyms: approval, enactment, validation.

4. Coup [koo]-तख्तापलट 
Noun: a highly successful, unexpected stroke, act, or move; a clever action or accomplishment.
Synonyms: action, overthrow, plot, revolution, accomplishment, deed, exploit, feat, stratagem, stroke, stunt, upset.
Antonym: failure.

Example/उदाहरण: Transitional paths are littered with diverse examples of a wide variety.

5. Litter [lit-er]-कूड़े का ढेर/ भूसे का ढेर 
Noun: objects strewn or scattered about; scattered rubbish; a condition of disorder or untidiness; a number of young brought forth by a multiparous animal at one birth.
Synonyms: clutter, junk, muck, rubbish, trash, collateral, confusion, detritus, disarray, disorder, garbage, hash, hodgepodge, jumble, jungle, mishmash, muddle, offal, rash, refuse, rummage, scattering, scramble, shuffle.
Antonyms: possessions, sense, arrangement, method.

Example/उदाहरण: Most countries in Latin America seem to have made perhaps the strongest and most thorough transitions towards democratisation, albeit, as the cases of Brazil and Venezuela show, not without their own specific problems and issues.

6. Thorough [thur-oh, thuhr-oh]-संपूर्ण 
Adjective: executed without negligence or omissions; complete; perfect; utter; extremely attentive to accuracy and detail; painstaking.
Synonyms: accurate, careful, complete, comprehensive, detailed, exhaustive, full, intensive, meticulous, painstaking, profound, absolute, arrant, consummate, exact, extreme, finished, ingrained, out-and-out, thoroughly.
Antonyms: careless, incomplete, incomprehensive, needy.

7. Albeit [awl-bee-it]-यद्यपि 
Conjunction: although; even if.
Synonyms: admitting, even if, even though, notwithstanding.

Example/उदाहरण: Turkey’s strong anti-military democratic tradition has morphed into a civilian authoritarianism.

8. Morph [mawrf]-कंप्यूटर द्वारा बदलना 
Verb: to transform (an image) by computer; to be transformed.
Synonyms: alter, modify, transform, contort, distort, deform, doctor, mutate, recast, transmute, wring.
Antonyms: maintain, stagnate, keep, preserve.

9. Civilian [si-vil-yuh n]-असैनिक 
Noun: a person who is not on active duty with a military, naval, police, or fire fighting organization.
Adjective: of, pertaining to, formed by, or administered by civilians.
Synonyms: private, noncombatant, pacificist, noncombative, nonmilitant, not in armed forces.
Antonym: military.

10. Authoritarian [uh-thawr-i-tair-ee-uh n, uh-thor-]-सत्तावादी 
Adjective: favoring complete obedience or subjection to authority as opposed to individual freedom.
Synonyms: autocracy, despotism, dictatorship, totalitarianism, monocracy.
Antonym: democracy.


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