The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary For IBPS 2017

प्रिय पाठको,

शब्दावली(Vocabulary ) अंग्रेजी का एक महत्वपूर्ण अंग है जो आपको विभिन्न प्रकार के प्रश्नों के साथ-साथ विभिन्न परीक्षाओं के वर्णनात्मक पत्रों से निपटने में सहायता करता है.आप प्रतिदिन हमारी  Daily Word List से नए शब्द सीख सकते हैं.शब्दों को जानें और दी गई शब्द सूची के आधार पर अपने स्वयं के वाक्य बनाएं.यहां  द हिन्दू की कुछ लाइनें हैं.

Example/उदाहरण: But last week the government said it was not including charges of terrorism in a new order for his detention.

1. Detention [dih-ten-shuh n] =अवरोध
Noun: the act of detaining; the state of being detained; maintenance of a person in custody or confinement, especially while awaiting a court decision; the withholding of what belongs to or is claimed by another.

Adjective: of or relating to detention or used to detain.
Synonyms: arrest, custody, delay, incarceration, internment, quarantine, apprehension, bust, detainment, hindrance, immurement, impediment, pen, pickup, pinch, restraint, retention, withholding, arrestation, holding back, holding pen, keeping in.
Antonyms: aidassistance, help, freedom.

Example/उदाहरण: Despite all the evidence and testimonies detailing Saeed’s visits to the 26/11 terror training camps, his instructions during the attacks, and his call for violent attacks in India, the Pakistani government has allowed, if not enabled, him to build a virtual citadel in the town of Muridke near the provincial capital Lahore.

2. Testimony [tes-tuh-moh-nee, or, esp. British, -muh-nee] =साक्ष्य
Noun: Law. The statement or declaration of a witness under oath or affirmation, usually in court; evidence in support of a fact or statement; proof; open declaration or profession, as of faith.
Synonyms: affidavit, data, demonstration, deposition, documentation, evidence, information, statement, testament, witness, affirmation, attestation, avowal, confirmation, corroboration, facts, grounds.
Antonyms: denial, opposition, veto.

3. Virtual [vur-choo-uh l] =वास्तविक
Adjective: being such in power, force, or effect, though not actually or expressly such; temporarily simulated or extended by computer software.
Synonyms: basic, constructive, essential, fundamental, implicit, implied, in all but name, in conduct, in effect, in practice, indirect, potential, practical.
Antonyms: actual, authentic, real.

4. Citadel [sit-uh-dl, -uh-del]=गढ़
Noun: a fortress that commands a city and is used in the control of the inhabitants and in defense during attack or siege; any strongly fortified place; stronghold.
Synonyms: bastion, fortification, fortress, blockhouse, castle, fastness, fort, keep, manor, redoubt, stronghold.

Example/उदाहरण: President has openly praised Pakistan for cooperating in the release of American hostages.

5. Hostage [hos-tij] =बंधक
Noun: a person given or held as security for the fulfillment of certain conditions or terms, promises, etc., by another.
Verb: to give (someone) as a hostage.
Synonyms: captive, prisoner, victim, earnest, guaranty, pawn, pledge, scapegoat, security, surety.
Antonym: captor.

Example/उदाहरण/उदाहरण: This is, in essence, a test of U.S. President Donald Trump’s new South Asia policy, in which he has vowed reprisals if Pakistan fails to take action against all terror groups on its territory, not just those targeting the U.S. in Afghanistan.

6. Vow [vou] =शपथ
Noun: a solemn promise, pledge, or personal commitment:
Marriage vows; a vow of secrecy; a solemn promise made to a deity or saint committing oneself to an act, service, or condition; a solemn or earnest declaration.
Verb: to make a vow of; promise by a vow, as to God or a saint:
To vow a crusade or a pilgrimage; to pledge or resolve solemnly to do, make, give, observe, etc.
Synonyms: assertion, oath, pledge, affiance, asseveration, profession, troth, word of honor.
Antonyms: break, breach.

Example/उदाहरण: If India’s persistent endeavor to bring Saeed to justice for his role in the Mumbai attacks continues to fall on deaf ears in Pakistan, then all the international declarations on terrorism will carry little weight.

7. Endeavor [en-dev-er] =प्रयास
Verb: to exert oneself to do or effect something; make an effort; strive.
Synonyms: aim, effort, enterprise, struggle, undertaking, venture, essay, exertion, fling, go, header, labor, lick, push, shot, stab, striving, toil, travail, trial, try, try-on.
Antonyms: idleness, inactivity, passivity, entertainment.

Example/उदाहरण: Somalia must immediately work towards building a sense of civic solidarity among the various clans in the country and use the popular revulsion following the bombing to isolate al-Shabaab and its backers.

8. Solidarity [sol-i-dar-i-tee] =एकजुटता
Noun: union or fellowship arising from common responsibilities and interests, as between members of a group or between classes, peoples, etc.; community of feelings, purposes, etc; community of responsibilities and interests.
Synonyms: agreement, consensus, harmony, support, teamwork, unanimity, unification, accord, alliance, comradeship, confederation, federation, fellowship, oneness, sameness, uniformity.
Antonyms: disagreement, agonist, discord, divorce.

9. Clan [klan] =वंश
Noun: a group of families or households, as among the Scottish Highlanders, the heads of which claim descent from a common ancestor; a group of people of common descent; family.
Synonyms: band, faction, gang, mob, sect, society, tribe, association, bunch, club, coterie, crew, crowd, crush, folks, group, house, insiders, kinfolks, moiety, organization, outfit, race, ring.
Antonym: individual.

10. Revulsion [ri-vuhl-shuh n] =तबदीली
Noun: a strong feeling of repugnance, distaste, or dislike:
Cruelty fills me with revulsion; a sudden and violent change of feeling or response in sentiment, taste, etc; the act of drawing something back or away.
Synonyms: dislike, distaste, horror, loathing, repulsion, abhorrence, abomination, aversion, detestation, hate, recoil, repugnance.
Antonyms: like, liking, love, loving.


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