The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary For IBPS RRB 2017

प्रिय पाठको,

शब्दावली(Vocabulary ) अंग्रेजी का एक महत्वपूर्ण अंग है जो आपको विभिन्न प्रकार के प्रश्नों के साथ-साथ विभिन्न परीक्षाओं के वर्णनात्मक पत्रों से निपटने में सहायता करता है.आप प्रतिदिन हमारी  Daily Word List से नए शब्द सीख सकते हैं.शब्दों को जानें और दी गई शब्द सूची के आधार पर अपने स्वयं के वाक्य बनाएं.यहां  द हिन्दू की कुछ लाइनें हैं.

Example/उदाहरण: Bans on books strike at the principles of justice that are meant to fortify our democracy.

1. Fortify [fawr-tuh-fahy] =मज़बूत करना
Verb: to protect or strengthen against attack; surround or provide with defensive military works; to furnish with a means of resisting force or standing strain or wear;  to make strong; impart strength or vigor to; to increase the effectiveness of, as by additional ingredients; to strengthen mentally or morally; to confirm or corroborate.
Antonyms: harm, hurt, injure, let down.

Example/उदाहरण: Government of Karnataka. On September 20, the court upheld a ban on a book without so much as considering the implications that such sanctions have on free speech.

2. Sanction [sangk-shuh n] =प्रतिबंध
Noun: authoritative permission or approval, as for an action; something that serves to support an action, condition, etc.; something that gives binding force, as to an oath, rule of conduct, etc.
Synonyms: approval, acquiescence, allowance, approbation, assent, authority, backing, confirmation, consent, countenance, encouragement, endorsement, fiat, go-ahead, leave, nod, okay, permission, permit, ratification, recommendation, sufferance, support.
Antonyms: denial, disagreement, disapproval, discouragement.

Example/उदाहरण: The judgment has been hailed for its erudition, for its analytic rigour, and, more than anything else, for placing civil liberties at the heart of our constitutional discourse.

3. Rigor [rig-er] =कठोरता
Noun: strictness, severity, or harshness, as in dealing with people; the full or extreme severity of laws, rules, etc; severity of living conditions; hardship; austerity; a severe or harsh act, circumstance, etc.
Synonyms: accuracy, austerity, difficulty, firmness, hardship, harshness, ordeal, precision, rigidity, tenacity, tribulation, vicissitude, affliction, asperity, conscientiousness, conventionalism, exactitude, hardness, inclemency, inflexibility, intolerance, meticulousness, obduracy, preciseness.
Antonyms: calm, calmness, ease, happiness.

Example/उदाहरण: But just weeks later, we’re left grappling with the court’s proclivity for illiberalism in Poojaya Sri Jagadguru Maate Mahadevi v. Government of Karnataka.

4. Grapple [grap-uh l] =पकड़ना
Verb: to hold or make fast to something, as with a grapple; to use a grapple; to seize another, or each other, in a firm grip, as in wrestling; clinch; to engage in a struggle or close encounter (usually followed by with).
Synonyms: confront, contend, cope, deal with, attack, battle, catch, clash, clasp, close, clutch, combat, encounter, engage, face, fasten, fight, grasp, grip, hold, hook, hug.
Antonyms: agree, avoid, be immune, cancel.

5. Proclivity [proh-kliv-i-tee] =झुकाव
Noun: natural or habitual inclination or tendency; propensity; predisposition.
Synonyms: penchant, predilection, predisposition, propensity, bent, bias, disposition, druthers, facility, flash, groove, inclining, leaning, proneness.
Antonyms: antipathy, disinclination, dislike, hate.

Example/उदाहरण: The order is the latest example in a litany of cases, going back to the court’s inception, which calls into question the commonly held notion of our highest judiciary serving as a custodian of fundamental rights.

6. Litany [lit-n-ee] =एक साधारण प्रार्थना की रीति
Noun: a ceremonial or liturgical form of prayer consisting of a series of invocations or supplications with responses that are the same for a number in succession.
Synonyms: catalogue, recitation, repetition, account, enumeration, invocation, list, petition, prayer, refrain, supplication, tale.

7. Notion [noh-shuh n] =धारणा
Noun: a general understanding; vague or imperfect conception or idea of something; an opinion, view, or belief; conception or idea; a fanciful or foolish idea; whim.
Synonyms: approach, assumption, concept, conception, image, impression, knowledge, opinion, perception, sentiment, suggestion, thought, understanding, view, angle, apprehension, awareness, clue, comprehension.
Antonyms: being, concrete, reality, ignorance.

8. Custodian [kuh-stoh-dee-uh n] =संरक्षक
Noun: a person who has custody; keeper; guardian; a person entrusted with guarding or maintaining a property; janitor.
Synonyms: curator, keeper, overseer, protector, steward, superintendent, supervisor, warden, watchdog, bodyguard, cerberus, cleaner, concierge, escort, guardian, manager.

Example/उदाहरण: In cases such as this one, the court doesn’t see rights as trumps, but rather as abstract notions that lie at the state’s whimsical behest.

9. Whimsical [hwim-zi-kuh l, wim-] =सनकी
Adjective: given to whimsy or fanciful notions; capricious; of the nature of or proceeding from whimsy, as thoughts or actions; erratic; unpredictable.
Synonyms: amusing, comical, droll, eccentric, funny, mischievous, odd, unusual, weird, arbitrary, capricious, chancy, chimerical, curious, dicey, erratic, fantastic, flaky, freakish.
Antonyms: boring, common, dramatic, normal.

10. Behest [bih-hest] =आज्ञा
Noun: a command or directive; an earnest or strongly worded request.
Synonyms: bidding, charge, command, commandment, demand, dictate, direction, injunction, instruction, mandate, order, precept, prompting.
Antonyms: answer, question, reply.


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