16/08/2017

The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary For IBPS PO 2017

प्रिय पाठकों,

The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary For IBPS PO 2017

Vocabulary अंग्रेजी एक महत्वपूर्ण भाग है जो वस्तुनिष्ट के साथ-साथ वर्णात्मक परीक्षा के प्रश्नों  का हल करने में आपकी सहायता करते है. आप हमारी Daily Word List से प्रतिदिन नए शब्द सिख सकते हैं. शब्द सीखकर दी गई word list के अधर पर अपने वाक्य बनाए. यहाँ द हिन्दू से कुछ वाक्य है.

Example/उदाहरण: Caution from a sobering Survey.

1. Sober [soh-ber]-शांत/संयम/जो नशे में न हो 
Adjective/विशेषण: not intoxicated or drunk; habitually temperate, especially in the use of liquor; quiet or sedate in demeanor, as persons; marked by seriousness, gravity, solemnity, etc., as of demeanor, speech, etc.
Verb/क्रिया: to make or become sober.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: dangerous, deep, difficult, far-reaching, grievous, important, major, meaningful, severe, significant, tough, urgent, arduous, fateful, fell, formidable, grave.
Antonyms/विलोमार्थी: calm, easy, facile, friendly.

Example/उदाहरण: Indeed the second half of the last fiscal saw the growth rate plummet by 1.2 percentage points compared to the first half.

2. Plummet [pluhm-it]-सीसे का भार 
Noun/संज्ञा: a piece of lead or some other weight attached to a line, used for determining perpendicularity, for sounding, etc.; the bob of a plumb line; something that weighs down or depresses.
Verb/क्रिया: to plunge.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: collapse, crash, decline, decrease, descend, dip, dive, drop, drop down, fall, nose-dive.
Antonyms/विलोमार्थी: ascend, go up, grow, increase.

Example/उदाहरण: While a lot of effort has been undertaken by the Supreme Court to ensure uniformity in pay scales across States through its orders in the All India Judges’ Association case, it is still abysmally low when compared to that in the private sector, notably law firms, litigation and the corporate sector.

3. Abysmal [uh-biz-muh l]-अथाह/अगाध
Adjective/विशेषण: of or like an abyss; immeasurably deep or great; extremely or hopelessly bad or severe.
Related forms: abysmally, adverb.

4. Litigation [lit-i-gey-shuh n]-मुकदमेबाज़ी 
Noun/संज्ञा: a lawsuit.the act or process of litigating; a lawsuit.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: case,  process,  prosecution,  trial,  suit,  action,  lawsuit,  dispute,  cause,  contention.

Example/उदाहरण: The problems of the Indian judiciary at all levels have reached catastrophic levels.

5. Catastrophic [kat-uh-strof-ik]-आपत्तिजनक 
Adjective/विशेषण: of the nature of a catastrophe, or disastrous event; calamitous.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: calamitous, cataclysmic, disastrous, fatal, ruinous, tragic, cataclysmal, catastrophal.
Antonyms/विलोमार्थी: advantageous, blessed, fortunate, happy, successful.

Example/उदाहरण: In talking of a New India free of casteism, terrorism, corruption and nepotism by 2022, in his Independence Day address, Prime Minister Narendra Modi was seeking to sell a longer term vision to Indians, a vision that goes beyond the limit of his current term in office.

6. Nepotism [nep-uh-tiz-uh m]-भाई-भतीजावाद 
Noun/संज्ञा: patronage bestowed or favoritism shown on the basis of family relationship, as in business and politics.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: bias, discrimination, inequity, partisanship, partiality, preference, one-sidedness, preferential treatment.
Antonym/विलोमार्थी: fairness.

Example/उदाहरण: Demonetisation, the Goods and Services Tax, the movement toward a digital economy, all these were spoken of as part of a movement inexorably leading to a corruption-free, transparent India.

7. Inexorable [in-ek-ser-uh-buh l]-निष्ठुर 
Adjective/विशेषण: unyielding; unalterable; inexorable justice; not to be persuaded, moved, or affected by prayers or entreaties.
Related forms: inexorably, adverb.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: ferociously, fiercely, mercilessly, relentlessly, ruthlessly, savagely, viciously, atrociously, barbarically, barbarously, brutishly, callously, demoniacally, diabolically, ferally, hardheartedly.
Antonyms/विलोमार्थी: gently, humanely, kindly, nicely.

Example/उदाहरण: In this, he seemed to echo President Ram Nath Kovind, who called for a compassionate society that does not discriminate on the basis of gender or religious background.

8. Compassionate [adjective kuh m-pash-uh-nit; verb kuh m-pash-uh-neyt]-दयालु/सहानुभूतिशील 
Adjective/विशेषण: having or showing compassion; a compassionate letter; granted in an emergency; pitiable.
Verb/क्रिया: to pity or have compassion for.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: benevolent, charitable, humane, merciful, sympathetic, warm, warmhearted, forbearing, pitying, sparing, tender, understanding, all heart, being big, bleeding heart, commiserative, going easy on.
Antonyms/विलोमार्थी: cold, cool, cruel, inhumane.

Example/उदाहरण: Increasing productivity in perpetuity without ecological harm is the need of the hour.

9. Perpetuity [pur-pi-too-i-tee, -tyoo-]-अनंत काल/शाश्वतता 
Noun/क्रिया: the state or character of being perpetual (often preceded by in); endless or indefinitely long duration or existence; eternity; something that is perpetual; an annuity paid for life.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: constancy, continuance, continuity, endurance.
Antonyms/विलोमार्थी: end, stoppage.

Example/उदाहरण: Now WhatsApp forwards deliver more pop psychology and misogyny to the average Indian household than a TV serial.

10. Misogyny [mi-soj-uh-nee, mahy-]-स्त्री - द्वेष 
Noun/संज्ञा: hatred, dislike, or mistrust of women, or prejudice against women.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची : sexism, discrimination, prejudice, chauvinism, objectification.
Antonyms/विलोमार्थी: misandry, philogyny.


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