NICL AO Mains 2017 के लिए The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary

प्रिय पाठको,


NICL AO Mains परीक्षा 2 जुलाई को होने जा रही है. आशा है की आप सभी परीक्षा के लिए कड़ी मेहनत कर रहे है. Vocabulary अंग्रेजी एक महत्वपूर्ण भाग है जो वस्तुनिष्ट के साथ-साथ वर्णात्मक परीक्षा के प्रश्नों  का हल करने में आपकी सहायता करते है. आप हमारी Daily Word List से प्रतिदिन नए शब्द सिख सकते हैं. शब्द सीखकर दी गई word list के अधर पर अपने वाक्य बनाए. यहाँ द हिन्दू से कुछ वाक्य है...

Example/उदाहरण: My late father, Peter, would have spat derision on this debate.

1. Spat [spat]=मनमुटाव
Noun/संज्ञा: a petty quarrel; a light blow; slap; smack.
Verb/क्रिया: to engage in a petty quarrel or dispute; to splash or spatter.
Synonyms: altercation, bickering, brouhaha, difference of opinion, disagreement.
Antonyms/विलोमार्थी: agreement, concord, concurrence, harmony, peace, calm.

2. Derision [dih-rizh-uh n]=उपहास
Noun/संज्ञा: ridicule; mockery; an object of ridicule.
Synonyms/समानार्थक शब्द: contempt, disdain, laughter, mockery, ridicule, scorn, brickbat.
Antonyms/विलोमार्थी: admiration, approval, flattery, love, praise, respect, compliment.

Example/उदाहरण: He was pipped by organisations loyal to coconut and cashew feni lining the road carrying those same artefacts.

3. Pip [pip]=घायल करना
Verb/क्रिया: to blackball; to defeat (an opponent); to shoot, especially to wound or kill by a gunshot.

4. Artefact [ahr-tuh-fakt]=शिल्पकृति
Noun/संज्ञा: any object made by human beings, especially with a view to subsequent use; a handmade object, as a tool, or the remains of one, as a shard of pottery, characteristic of an earlier time or cultural stage, especially such an object found at an archaeological excavation; any mass-produced, usually inexpensive object reflecting contemporary society or popular culture.
Synonyms/समानार्थक शब्द: antiquity, heirloom, relic, bygone, monument, rarity.

Example/उदाहरण: Maharashtra was forced to change in 1972 after more than 100 people died consuming rotgut.

5. Rotgut [rot-guht]=पेट को नुकसान पहुँचाने वाली शराब
Noun/संज्ञा: cheap and inferior liquor.
Synonyms/समानार्थक शब्द: drink, ethanol, liquor, methanol.

Example/उदाहरण: The number of liquor addicts worldwide is staggering, approximately two billion.

6. Staggering [stag-uh-ring]=विचलता
Adjective/विशेषण: tending to stagger or overwhelm.
Synonyms/समानार्थक शब्द: amazing, astonishing, astounding, mind-boggling, shocking, stunning.

Example: Apart from the plethora of administrative problems, the contrarian ‘elite’ opinion, even if small, also plays an important role as a disincentive for prohibition or an ideological lubricant for legal sanction and ultimate enforcement.

7. Plethora [pleth-er-uh]=बहुतायत
Noun/संज्ञा: overabundance; excess.
Synonyms/समानार्थक शब्द: deluge, glut, overabundance, plenty, profusion, surfeit, flood.
Antonyms/विलोमार्थी: lack, need, scarcity, want, few, little.

8. Lubricant [loo-bri-kuh nt]=चिकनाई
Noun/संज्ञा: a substance, as oil or grease, for lessening friction, especially in the working parts of a mechanism.
Adjective/विशेषण: capable of lubricating; used to lubricate.
Synonyms/समानार्थक शब्द: coating, grease, oil, silicone, wax.

9. Sanction [sangk-shuh n]=अधिकृत करना
Noun/संज्ञा: authoritative permission or approval, as for an action; something that serves to support an action, condition, etc.; something that gives binding force, as to an oath, rule of conduct, etc.
Synonyms/समानार्थक शब्द: approval, acquiescence, allowance, approbation, assent, authority, backing.
Antonyms/विलोमार्थी: denial, disagreement, disapproval, discouragement, opposition, prohibition.

Example/उदाहरण: The Protestant ethic essentially revolved around frugal spending and saving, which lead to productive investment.

10. Frugal [froo-guh l]=किफायती
Adjective/विशेषण: economical in use or expenditure; prudently saving or sparing; not wasteful.
Synonyms/समानार्थक शब्द: canny, careful, meticulous, prudent, stingy, thrifty, abstemious.
Antonyms/विलोमार्थी: careless, incautious, spendthrift, wasteful, generous.


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