एसबीआई पीओ & देना बैंक पीओ परीक्षा 2017 के लिए The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary

प्रिय पाठकों, हम आपको THE HINDU अख़बार संपादकीय से शब्दावली शब्द(Vocabulary Words) प्रदान कर रहे हैं. हमारा सुझाव है कि आप दैनिक समाचार पत्र पढ़े और यदि आप THE HINDU नहीं पढ़ पा रहे हैं, तो हम प्रतिदिन संपादकीय अनुभाग से महत्वपूर्ण शब्द पोस्ट करेंगे.यह vocab शब्द आपकी प्रतिस्पर्धी परीक्षाओं में आपकी बहुत सहायता करेंगे.

1.Proximity (noun)=निकटता/समीप
Meaning/अर्थ: nearness in space, time, or relationship.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची : closeness, nearness, presence, juxtaposition, propinquity
Example/उदाहरण : Turkey’s position on Kashmir has traditionally reflected its proximity to Pakistan, guided by the links between the two military establishments.

2.Overturn (verb)=उलटना/रद्द करना
Meaning/अर्थ: abolish, invalidate, or reverse (a previous system, decision, situation, etc.).
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: cancel, reverse, rescind, repeal, revoke, retract, countermand, withdraw, take back, rule against, disallow, override, overrule, veto, set aside, quash, overthrow.
Example/उदाहरण: According to Mr. Ghosh, Mr. Modi’s electoral victory in 2014 was reminiscent of Mr. Erdoğan becoming Prime Minister when his Justice and Development Party (AKP) won in  2002; in both cases, their parties associated with religious organisations had overturned long standing ‘secular-nationalist elites’. 

3.Coterminous (adjective)=सह-सीमावर्ती
Meaning/अर्थ: having the same boundaries or extent in space, time, or meaning.
Example/उदाहरण: The proposed changes permit Mr. Erdoğan to get two terms of five years each after the 2019 elections, appoint at will vice-presidents and cabinet members and 12 out of 15 supreme court judges, abolish the post of prime minister,  provides for simultaneous presidential and parliamentary elections and coterminous tenures, enlarges the parliament to 600 seats while reducing the minimum age  of candidacy for parliament to 18 years. 

4.Relegate (verb)=बाहर निकाल देना/निर्वासित कर देना
Meaning/अर्थ: assign an inferior rank or position to.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: downgrade, lower, lower in rank or status, put down, move down; 
Example/उदाहरण: The doctrine is a bold announcement, but without the necessary elements in place, it will remain just another document like the policy formulations enunciated earlier. Or worse, it will be relegated to being another political slogan for popular resonance rather than send out a message of intent  beyond Indian borders and shores.

5.Discrepancy (noun)=विसंगति/अंतर
Meaning/अर्थ: an illogical or surprising lack of compatibility or similarity between two or more facts.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: inconsistency, difference, disparity, variance, variation, deviation, divergence, disagreement, dissimilarity, dissimilitude, mismatch, lack of similarity, contrariety.
Example/उदाहरण: Last week, we got a set of queries from readers pointing out discrepancies in two reports pertaining to the crisis in sand quarrying in  Tamil Nadu. R. Vidyasagar, an engineer from Chennai,  highlighted two differing figures, both in the number of quarries in the State and functional quarries. 

6.Verbatim (adverb & adjective)=प्रतिशब्द
Meaning/अर्थ: in exactly the same words as were used originally.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: word for word, letter for letter, line for line, to the letter, literally, exactly, precisely, in every detail, closely, faithfully, religiously, rigorously, punctiliously, with strict attention to detail, strictly.
Example/उदाहरण: The public broadcaster, NPR, has a rule: “attribute everything.” It says: “Attribute, attribute and attribute some more. No material from another source should ever be included verbatim, or substantially so, without attribution… When in doubt, err on the side of attributing — that is, make it very clear where we’ve gotten our information (or where the organization we give credit to has gotten its information).”

7.Disseminate (verb)=प्रसारित करना/प्रचार करना
Meaning/अर्थ: spread (something, especially information) widely.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: spread, circulate, distribute, disperse, diffuse, proclaim, promulgate, propagate, publicize, communicate, pass on, make known, put about.
Example/उदाहरण: It avoids the risk of having the newspapers used to disseminate material for which the author is unwilling to take public responsibility.” 

8.Usher (verb)=उपशिक्षक/प्रवेक्षक
Meaning/अर्थ: show or guide (someone) somewhere.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: escort, accompany, help, assist, take, show, see, lead, show someone the way, lead the way, conduct, guide, steer, pilot, shepherd, convoy
Example/उदाहरण: Just beyond the block is a Jhuggi Jhopri (squatter settlement) cluster where heaps of garbage mixed with sludge drawn from drains and leaking water taps marks the entry to the settlement. Although he has no formal position, the Pradhan or cluster leader is ushered in to meet us.

9.Sludge (noun)=कीचड़
Meaning/अर्थ: thick, soft, wet mud or a similar viscous mixture of liquid and solid components, especially the product of an industrial or refining process.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: mud, muck, mire, ooze, silt, alluvium, dirt, slime, slush, slurry.
Example/उदाहरण: Just beyond the block is a Jhuggi Jhopri (squatter settlement) cluster where heaps of garbage mixed with sludge drawn from drains and leaking water taps marks the entry to the settlement. 

Meaning/अर्थ: open to more than one interpretation; not having one obvious meaning.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: equivocal, ambivalent, open to debate, open to argument.
Example/उदाहरण: Citizen’s perception of public services provided by the rural governance institutions in India is very clear. Indian cities, however, have a far messier governance structure where the larger question of what urban citizens respond to and how their demands are met remains ambiguous.