Thursday, 4 May 2017

एसबीआई पीओ & देना बैंक पीओ परीक्षा 2017 के लिए The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary


प्रिय पाठकों, हम आपको THE HINDU अख़बार संपादकीय से शब्दावली शब्द(Vocabulary Words) प्रदान कर रहे हैं. हमारा सुझाव है कि आप दैनिक समाचार पत्र पढ़े और यदि आप THE HINDU नहीं पढ़ पा रहे हैं, तो हम प्रतिदिन संपादकीय अनुभाग से महत्वपूर्ण शब्द पोस्ट करेंगे.यह vocab शब्द आपकी प्रतिस्पर्धी परीक्षाओं में आपकी बहुत सहायता करेंगे.


1.Exacerbate (verb)=ख़राब करना
Meaning/अर्थ: make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: aggravate, make worse, worsen.
Example/उदाहरण: Analysts have highlighted a number of potential issues: Chinese overcapacity may override host countries’ development priorities in project selection; political tensions between countries may prevail over considerations of economic benefit; local elites may corner the “spoils” from new projects, thereby exacerbating social tensions; and financing strategies may result in countries sleepwalking into a debt trap (the Hambantota development projects in Sri Lanka provide a telling example). 

2.Pragmatic (adjective)=व्यावहारिक रूप से कार्य को करना
Meaning/अर्थ: dealing with things sensibly and realistically in a way that is based on practical rather than theoretical considerations.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: practical, logical 
Example/उदाहरण: Some analysts have argued for the more “pragmatic” approach of a partial endorsement: as the initiative rolls out in various countries, India can engage with them (and with China) to promote projects that would be of benefit.

3.Sovereignty (noun)=संप्रभुता/सर्वोच्च शक्ति या प्राधिकरण
Meaning/अर्थ: supreme power or authority.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: jurisdiction, supremacy, dominion, power, ascendancy, tyranny, hegemony, domination, predominance, authority, control, influence.
Example/उदाहरण: The sovereignty issue needs to be addressed. China’s Foreign Minister declared that the CPEC does not change Beijing’s stand on Jammu and Kashmir. 

4.Altruistic (adjective)=परोपकारी
Meaning/अर्थ: showing a disinterested and selfless concern for the well-being of others; unselfish.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: unselfish, selfless, self-sacrificing, self-denying.
Example/उदाहरण: China argues that connectivity provided by the BRI would enhance economic cooperation and promote peace. Will it walk its altruistic talk and include the existing land corridor from India to Afghanistan, through Pakistan, in the BRI? This corridor would intersect the CPEC and may therefore open new routes for Chinese goods to both India and Afghanistan, besides promoting India, Pakistan and Afghanistan trade. 

5.Reciprocal (adjective)=पारस्परिक
Meaning/अर्थ: given, felt, or done in return.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: given/felt in return, corresponding;
Example/उदाहरण: The Indian government may have other ideas on reciprocal actions. 

6.Commensurate (adjective)=अनुरूप
Meaning/अर्थ: corresponding in size or degree; in proportion.
synonyms/पर्यायवाची: equivalent, equal, corresponding, correspondent, comparable, proportionate, proportional.
Example/उदाहरण: The short point is that the strong Chinese interest for a high-level Indian presence at the BRF may provide New Delhi the opportunity to extract something of commensurate value in return.

7.Impeachment (noun)=दोषारोपण/महाभियोग
Meaning/अर्थ: the action of calling into question the integrity or validity of something.
Example/उदाहरण: By launching impeachment proceedings in Parliament against Supreme Court Chief Justice Sushila Karki, the ruling coalition government in Nepal has ignited yet another crisis at  an already fraught political moment — before the scheduled local polls later this month.

8.Frivolous (adjective)=तुच्छ/कोई गंभीर उद्देश्य या मूल्य नहीं होना
Meaning/अर्थ: not having any serious purpose or value.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: flippant, glib, waggish, joking, jokey, light-hearted, facetious, fatuous, inane, shallow, superficial, senseless, thoughtless, ill-considered, non-serious.
Example/उदाहरण: The tussle with the judiciary and the frivolous use of impeachment makes any understanding with the opposition prior to the elections even more unlikely. 

9.Tussle (noun)=संघर्ष
Meaning/अर्थ: a vigorous struggle or scuffle, typically in order to obtain or achieve something.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: scuffle, fight, struggle, skirmish, brawl, scrimmage, scramble, scrum, fisticuffs, wrestling match, rough and tumble, free-for-all, fracas, fray, rumpus, melee, disturbance.
Example/उदाहरण: The tussle with the judiciary and the frivolous use of impeachment makes any understanding with the opposition prior to the elections even more unlikely. 

10.Indictment (noun)=अभियोग
Meaning/अर्थ: a formal charge or accusation of a serious crime.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: charge, accusation, arraignment, citation, summons.
Example/उदाहरण: All said, the action of impeachment of a serving Chief Justice is yet another indictment of the Nepali political class, which needs to rise above petty and narrow interests after its momentous achievement of overturning the monarchy a decade ago.

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