26/04/2017

एसबीआई पीओ & एनआईएसीएल 2017 के लिए The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary


प्रिय पाठकों, हम आपको THE HINDU अख़बार संपादकीय से शब्दावली शब्द(Vocabulary Words) प्रदान कर रहे हैं. हमारा सुझाव है कि आप दैनिक समाचार पत्र पढ़े और यदि आप THE HINDU नहीं पढ़ पा रहे हैं, तो हम प्रतिदिन संपादकीय अनुभाग से महत्वपूर्ण शब्द पोस्ट करेंगे.यह vocab शब्द आपकी प्रतिस्पर्धी परीक्षाओं में आपकी बहुत सहायता करेंगे.


1.Repudiation=अस्वीकृति
Meaning/अर्थ: rejection of a proposal or idea.
Example/उदाहरण: The Constitution was a repudiation of these ideas and the politics that perpetuated them.

2.Enervate (verb)=हतोत्साह करना/शक्तिहीन होना
Meaning/अर्थ: make (someone) feel drained of energy or vitality.
synonyms/पर्यायवाची: exhaust, tire, fatigue, weary, wear out, devitalize, drain, sap, weaken, make weak, make feeble, enfeeble, debilitate, incapacitate, indispose, prostrate, immobilize, lay low, put out of action; 
Example/उदाहरण: I am reading of valley and mountain life, and I grow sick at heart and enervated.

3.Rhetoric (noun)=बयानबाजी/वाक्पटुता/शब्दाडंबरपूर्ण
Meaning/अर्थ: the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially the exploitation of figures of speech and other compositional techniques.
synonyms/पर्यायवाची: oratory, eloquence, power of speech, command of language, expression, way with words, delivery, diction
Example/उदाहरण: Campaign in poetry, govern in prose. This has been an American explanation for Presidents abandoning their campaign rhetoric soon after moving into the White House.

4.Redundant (adjective)=अनावश्यक/बेकार/व्यर्थ
Meaning/अर्थ: not or no longer needed or useful; superfluous.
synonyms/पर्यायवाची: unnecessary, not required, inessential, unessential, needless, unneeded, uncalled for, dispensable, disposable, expendable, unwanted, useless; 
Example/उदाहरण: Some analyses based on his campaign rhetoric have become redundant as he has abandoned a part of it. But a composite view of what the U.S. under Mr. Trump stands for is still missing. 

5.Disruptive (adjective)=अभिनव या आधारभूत
Meaning/अर्थ: innovative or groundbreaking.
synonyms/पर्यायवाची:innovative, inventive, ingenious, original, innovatory, innovational, new, novel, fresh, unconventional, unorthodox, off-centre, unusual, unfamiliar, unprecedented, avant-garde, experimental;
Example/उदाहरण: But Mr. Trump’s disruptive streaks have already struck decisive blows. Washington has withdrawn from the Trans-Pacific Partnership, a 12-nation trade treaty that Barack Obama said would buttress U.S. leadership in the Pacific; and the administration is reviewing withdrawal from the Paris climate agreement. 

6.Interlocutor (noun)=वार्ताकार
Meaning/अर्थ: a person who takes part in a dialogue or conversation.
Example/उदाहरण: The Trump administration has not articulated its views on relations with India, though Indian interlocutors who met with U.S officials in the last three months say there is a “positive view of India”.

7.Altruism (noun)=परोपकारिता/दूसरों की भलाई के लिए निस्वार्थ चिंता
Meaning/अर्थ: disinterested and selfless concern for the well-being of others.
synonyms/पर्यायवाची: unselfishness, selflessness, self-sacrifice, self-denial; 
Example/उदाहरण: What could India expect in the coming months? The days of “strategic altruism” in America’s approach to India may be over, said strategic affairs expert Ashley J. Tellis at Georgetown University’s India Ideas Conclave last week: “The new administration is likely to ask of India…, ‘what have you done for me lately?’

8.Hegemonic (adjective)=एक राजनीतिक या सामाजिक संदर्भ में सत्तारूढ़ या प्रभावशाली होना
Meaning/अर्थ: ruling or dominant in a political or social context.
Example/उदाहरण: It is a relationship between a mature hegemonic power and a post-colonial state. So even small things have consequences. 

9.Salience (noun)=विशेष रूप से ध्यान देने योग्य या महत्वपूर्ण होने की गुणवत्ता; प्रमुखता
Meaning/अर्थ: the quality of being particularly noticeable or important; prominence.
Example/उदाहरण: And, if these difficulties arise against a backdrop where there is no U.S. geopolitical assurance towards India, then the salience of these difficulties would only increase. We need to get the architecture right.”

10.Untenable (adjective)=हमले या आपत्ति के खिलाफ खड़े होने या बचाव करने में सक्षम न होना
Meaning/अर्थ: (especially of a position or view) not able to be maintained or defended against attack or objection.
synonyms/पर्यायवाची: indefensible, undefendable, unarguable, insupportable, refutable, unsustainable, unjustified, unwarranted, unjustifiable, inadmissible, unsound, ill-founded, flimsy, weak, shaky, flawed, defective, faulty, implausible, specious, groundless, unfounded, baseless, invalid, absurd, illogical, irrational, preposterous, senseless, unacceptable
Example/उदाहरण: The argument that clinical trial data needs exclusivity in the light of the money expended is an untenable one.


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