15/07/2016

Static Awareness: GOA

प्रिय पाठकों,
SBI Clerk Mains में, सभी यह देखकर हैरान थे कि करंट अफेयर और बैंकिंग अवेयरनेस के प्रश्नों से अधिक संख्या स्टैटिक प्रश्नों की थी| इससे यह पता चलता है कि एसबीआई अपने पैटर्न में कैसा भी बदलाव कभी कर सकता है आपको हर चुनौती के लिए तैयार रहना है|यह बहुत ही मुश्किल होता है कि परीक्षा उत्तीर्ण करने के लिए क्या पढ़ें और क्या नहीं| हम आपको बता दें कि परीक्षा से एक या दो सप्ताह पहले करंट अफेयर, बैंकिंग अवेयरनेस या स्टैटिक अवेयरनेस की तैयारी असंभव है| इस समस्या को हल करने के लिए हमने एक श्रृंखला का आयोजन किया है जिसमें राज्यनुसार स्टैटिक अवेयरनेस आपको उपलब्ध करायी जाएगी जिससे आप दैनिक रूप से राज्यों की स्थाई जानकारी से अवगत होते रहेंगे| आज हम राज्यों में गोवा का अध्ययन करेंगे|


गोवा, भारत के पश्चिमी तट पर एक छोटा सा रत्न रूपी लैंड है| यह भारत के राज्य संघ का 25वां राज्य है जो 1961 में पुर्तगाल शासन से विमुक्त हुआ था| यह गोवा, दमन और दियू के केंद्र प्रशासित देश का 30 मई 1987 हिस्सा था, जब इसे एक अलग राज्य से अलग बनाया गया था| गोवा में प्रत्येक वर्ष बड़ी संख्या में अंतर्राष्ट्रीय और घरेलु यात्री उसके तटों, पूजा स्थलों और विश्व ऐतिहासिक कलाकृतियों के लिए आते हैं| 

राजधानी : पणजी

मुख्य मंत्री : लक्ष्मीकान्त पार्सेकर 

गवर्नर : मृदुला सिन्हा 

उच्च न्यायालय : हाई कोर्ट ऑफ़ बॉम्बे, गोवा, पंजिम 

मुख्य न्यायाधीश : धीरेन्द्र हीरालाल वाघेला 

जिलों की संख्या : 2 (उत्तरी गोवा, दक्षिणी गोवा)

विशेषता: गोवा खनिज संसाधनों से संपन्न है। लौह अयस्क, मैंगनीज अयस्क, बॉक्साइट अयस्क आर्थिक महत्व के खनिज हैं। इसके आलावा यहां कुछ छोटे खनिज जैसे: बेसाल्ट, लेटराइट स्टोन और छोटे -छोटे कंकण, नदी, रेत, मुर्रम आदि हैं जिसकी निर्माण कार्यों में अधिक मांग है|

राष्ट्रीय उद्यान :

Sl.No.
Name of National Park
Special Species (if any important)
Important Remarks
1.
Bhagwan Mahavir (Mollem) National Park
Gaur, Sambar, Leopards, Spotted Deer, Slender Toris, Jungle Cats, Malayan Giant Squirrels
located in the Goan town of Mollem, situated on the eastern border of Goa
2.
Dr Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary
flying foxes, jackals and crocodiles
Goa's only bird sanctuary, area consists of mangrove vegetation

मुख्य बाँध, नदी और झील :

बाँध 

Sl.No.
Dam
River
Nearest City
Purpose/Project
1.
Salaulim Dam
Sanguem
Sanguem
Irrigation
2.
Anjunam Dam
Mandovi
Satari
Irrigation

नदी 

Sl.No.
River
Remarks
1.
Mandovi
described as the lifeline of the indian state of Goa.Mandovi joins with the Zuari at a common point at Cabo Aguada, forming the Mormugao harbour.             
2.
Chapora
It runs westward into the Arabian sea at Chapora and demarcates the border between the North Goa talukas of Pernem and Bardez.
3.
Zuari
the largest river in Goa, it is a tidal river

झील/ झरना 

Sl.No.
Lake/Waterfall
Located in/near
1.
Dudhsagar Waterfall
Sonaulim
2.
Mayem Lake
Bicholim
3.
Carambolim Lake
Panaji


मुख्य उर्जा उत्पादन संयंत्र :

Sl.No.
Plant/Project
Type/Category
1
Reliance Energy Limited
Thermal
2
Goa Gas Power Station
Gas Power generation

एयरपोर्ट:
1. Goa International Airport (Dabolim Airport)

लोकनृत्य :
1. Talgadi
2. Goff 
3. Tonya Mel
4. Mando
5. Kunbi dance
6. Suvar
7. Dasarawadan
7. Virabhadra

जनजाति:
 1. Gowdas
2. Kunbis
3. Velips
4. Dhangars


मुख्य क्षेत्रीय त्यौहार:

Sl.No.
Festival Name
Remarks
1.
Bonderam Festival
celebrated in the month of August, in memory of the protests that were raised by scores of villagers against the unjust and unreasonable system adopted to settle down land disputes and ownership issues of land.
2.
Christmas
celebration of Christmas in Goa starts from the Christmas Eve and lingers on for some time even after the actual date of the festival.
3.
Goa Carnival
It is a four-day celebration that begins on the Saturday before Ash Wednesday. The Goa Carnival is led by King Momo which has its own rhythms of guitars, folk songs and drumbeats accompanied by a colourful parade of floats and dancing troupes.
4.
Feast of St Francis Xavier
held on the 3rd of December at the Basilica of Bom Jesus in Old Goa. St Francis Xavier is the patron saint of Goa. His body has been preserved for centuries and lies in an exquisite silver casket at the Basilica and is displayed every ten years during the exposition.
5.
Grape Festival
Goa Tourism Development Corporation organizes this festival.
6.
Shigmo Festival
This 'festival of colours' in the state of Goa is celebrated as Shigmotsav. This is celebrated to bid farewell to winter and to welcome the season of spring.
7.
Sunburn Music Festival
Asia's largest music festival

मुख्य मंदिर/पुरातात्विक स्मारक /स्थल:


Sl.No.
Monument/Temple/Sites
Located in
Remarks
1.
Bom Jesus Basilica
Old Goa
UNESCO heritage site, this church is world renowned to still host the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier.
2.
Se Cathedral
Velha
one of the largest in India whilst being amongst the famous churches in Goa too. Being one of the oldest in the country, the Se Cathedral was built to celebrate the victory of the Portuguese ruler Afonso de Albuquerque for capturing a Goan city in 1510.
3.
Church of St Francis of Assisi
Velha


amongst the revered Roman Catholic churches. Known for its Barque and Corinthian architecture, the church’s interiors are finely inlaid with ornaments. On the tabernacle reside two statues – one of the Christ and the other of St. Francis of Assisi.
4.
Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception
Panaji
17th century structure
5.
Church of St. Cajetan
Velha
resembles the St. Peter’s Church in Rome. Built with laterite blocks, the church has influences of Corinthian style of architecture.
6.
Church of Our Lady of Miracles
Sanguem
Built by the Portuguese government, this church once collapsed before being rebuilt. By 1977, the old church was completely demolished and in place a new church was erected.
7.
Mormugao Port
South Goa district
Goa’s main port
8.
Baga Beach
North Goa

9.
Candolim Beach
North Goa
One of the best beaches in Goa known for its scrubbed sand dunes. Located close to the famous Princess River is known for its unspoiled scenic beauty and serene atmosphere.
10.
Calangute Beach
North Goa
Referred as the Queen of Goa Beaches, Calangute Beach, famous for its golden shimmering sand
11.
Anjuna Beach
North Goa
known for its rock formations
12.
Morjim Beach
North Goa
Referred to as the Turtle Beach, Morjim Beach is nestled amidst verdant locales.
13.
Fort Aguada
Bardez sub-district, North Goa
well-preserved seventeenth-century Portuguese fort
14.
Chapora Fort
near Anjuna Beach
Built by Adil Shah of Bijapur. It was given a new dimension when the Portuguese took over and one can see traces of the Portuguese architecture in it.


स्पोर्ट स्टेडियम:


Sl.No.
Stadium
Sport-Purpose
City
1
Jawarharlal Nehru Stadium (Fatorda Stadium)
multipurpose
Margao
2
Tilak Maidan Stadium  
football
Vasco da Gama

कैबिनेट मंत्रियों के निर्वाचन क्षेत्र :

Sl.No.
Name
Constituency
Ministry
1.
Manohar Parrikar
Panaji
Defence






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