07/07/2015

English Notes:Usage of Articles

In English there are two types of articles:
(i)   The Indefinite Articles
(ii)  The Definite Article

The Indefinite Articles : A and An (Please note that ‘An’ is a variant of ‘A’.)
'A' and 'An' are to be used with Nouns that are singular.  Singular Nouns are, To simply put, we can put one, two, ... in front of them.
The Definite Article: The

Notes:

1. The indefinite article ‘a’ is used before: 
 (a) a word beginning with a letter having a consonant sound. 
  Examples:  a book, a man, a dinner.



 (b) a word that begins with a letter (like O) with the sound like ‘wa’ 
 Examples: a one-rupee note, one-eyed man etc.

 (c) a word beginning with ‘u’ or ‘eu’ giving the consonant of ‘yu’.
 Examples: a university, a European.

2. The indefinite article ‘an’ is used before:
 (a) a word beginning with a letter like a, e, i, o, u having a vowel sound.
 Examples:  an apple, an egg,  an umbrella, an idiot, etc.

 (b) a word beginning with ‘h’ but the pronunciation starts with a vowel.
 Examples: an heir, an hour, an honest man, etc.

 (c) an abbreviation, the first letter of which is ‘M’ 
 Examples: an M.L.A., an M.P., an M.Com an S.D.O and F.R.C.S., an X-mas gift etc.


RULES REGARDING THE ARTICLES:

We use a or an:
Rule 1:  If noun is singular countable, article must be used. 
John is teacher (Incorrect)) 
John is a teacher (correct)

Man came to my house yesterday  (Incorrect)
A man came to my house yesterday  (Correct)

Rule 2:  a or an must be used for noun complement which includes professions.
He was great man.  (Incorrect)
He was a great man  (Correct)

He is actor  (Incorrect)
He is an actor  (Correct)


Rule 2: If we want to say something about speed or price.
Eg: 
I bought these onions Five rupees kilo.  (Incorrect)
I bought these onions Five rupees a kilo  (Correct)
The speed of the train is fifty miles hour  (Incorrect)
The speed of the train is fifty miles an hour  (Correct)

Rule 4:  In exclamatory sentence before singular and countable nouns
Eg:
What a fine sketch!  (Correct)
What a great shot!  (Correct)

Rule 5:  Before the word ‘most’ when it is used in the sense of very or much or exceedingly.
Examples:
Sreedhar is most intelligent student.  (Incorrect)
Sreedhar is a most intelligent student  (Correct)

This is most unfortunate event.  (Incorrect)
This is a most unfortunate event.  (Correct)


Rule 6:  Before a singular countable noun which is used as an example to represent a class.
Examples:
Cow is useful animal  (Incorrect)
 A cow is useful animal  (Correct)

Note : It must be borne in mind that ‘man’ or ‘woman’, when used in a general sense to represent ‘mankind’ as a whole, never takes are article.

Examples:
A man is mortal  (Incorrect)
Man is mortal  (Correct)

A woman is man's better half  (Incorrect)
Woman is man’s better half  (Correct)

Rule 11:  With the words a lot of, a couple, a great many, a good deal of, a good many, a great deal of, a few, a little etc. when they mean 'Some amount' and 'a small number'
Few books were in the library  (Incorrect)
A few books were in the library  (Correct)


Lot of people have attended the party  (Incorrect)

A lot of people have attended the party  (Correct)


Rule 5:  In certain phrases: a cold, a pain, on an average, make a noise, make an effort, make a mistake, a fever. etc.
I've got cold  (Incorrect)
I've got a cold  (Correct)

Rule 6:  With certain numbers : a hundred, a thousand, a million etc.

Rule 7:  ‘A’ can be used before Mr. / Miss / Mrs. + name
Examples:
 a Mr. Bose, a Mrs, Bose etc.
Note : A Mr. Bose denotes a person who is called Bose, and implies that he is a stranger to the speaker.
Mr. Bose, without ‘a’. implies that the speaker knows Mr. Bose, or knows of his existence.

Rule 8:  Before a proper noun to make it a common noun.
Examples:
Mohan is a Newton of our class  (Incorrect)
Mohan is the Newton of our class  (Correct)

Rule 9:  Before certain uncountable nouns preceded by nouns + of
Examples:
 a piece of advice, a bit of news, a drop of water etc.

Rule 10:
After the words many, rather, such, quite etc in certain structures.
Examples:
 1. Many a friend of mine is attending the party.
 2. Such a show cannot be arranged now.
 3. He is rather a fool to take such decisions.

A or An is not used before:

(a) Plural nouns: a books, a universities etc. (Incorrect)

(b) Uncountable nouns: an advices, an information etc. (Incorrect)

(c) Names of meals:
Examples:

Let us have a dinner (Incorrect)
 Let us have dinner  (Correct)

Note: An indefinite article can be used before names of meals when these are preceded by an adjective.

Example:
She gave me a good breakfast at 8 p.m.  (Correct)

85 comments:

  1. ⬅🎆@Ry@N🎆➡7 July 2015 at 11:00

    ThaNKS MaM AnD Ba TeAM..__/\__:)
    Its ReAllY HeLPFuLL FoR Us
    _____/^\_____:))

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thanx a lot Mam & BA Team:)))__/\__

    ReplyDelete
  3. ☆ विहान (शुभ) ☆ :))7 July 2015 at 11:05

    Thanks BA. :))

    ReplyDelete
  4. hello... vihan sir...how r u?

    ReplyDelete
  5. बहोत धन्यवाद मॅम.

    ReplyDelete
  6. ☆ विहान (शुभ) ☆ :))7 July 2015 at 11:08

    M Good champ..

    ReplyDelete
  7. ☆ विहान (शुभ) ☆ :))7 July 2015 at 11:08

    SUV?

    ReplyDelete
  8. RBI Assistant k liye Capsule kb niklega

    ReplyDelete
  9. M tyra me 791 page hai kya??

    ReplyDelete
  10. ♥♡❆✰...CuTiIieE AvI...✰❆♡♥7 July 2015 at 11:19

    Thnq so much ma'am.. :) and BA Team.. :)

    ReplyDelete
  11. ☆ विहान (शुभ) ☆ :))7 July 2015 at 11:21

    GM:))

    ReplyDelete
  12. ☆ विहान (शुभ) ☆ :))7 July 2015 at 11:21

    Yes

    ReplyDelete
  13. ☆ विहान (शुभ) ☆ :))7 July 2015 at 11:21

    Jald Hi

    ReplyDelete
  14. ohk thanks,,bhaiya !!:p

    ReplyDelete
  15. Arundhati Bhattacharya7 July 2015 at 11:25

    HI

    ReplyDelete
  16. ☆ विहान (शुभ) ☆ :))7 July 2015 at 11:25

    good.. n u?

    ReplyDelete
  17. Arundhati Bhattacharya7 July 2015 at 11:30

    I M NEW ON BA

    ReplyDelete
  18. Ok ba family me apka sawagat h :))

    ReplyDelete
  19. P!hu(ab sirf padhae no masti;)7 July 2015 at 11:33

    thanks Mam & B.A Team __//\\__ :)

    ReplyDelete
  20. welcome JI !! you are next !! AB :-))

    ReplyDelete
  21. P!hu(ab sirf padhae no masti;)7 July 2015 at 11:39

    hame umid nhi thi ki ab aap v hmsb ko competition dogi :)) welcome :))

    ReplyDelete
  22. Arundhati Bhattacharya7 July 2015 at 11:40

    JI THANK U

    ReplyDelete
  23. Thank U So Much M@M.....

    ReplyDelete
  24. Arundhati Bhattacharya7 July 2015 at 11:41

    HII

    ReplyDelete
  25. Morning:))) ¶

    ReplyDelete
  26. P!hu(ab sirf padhae no masti;)7 July 2015 at 11:44

    hame umid nhi thi ki ab aap v hmsb ko competition dogi :))

    ReplyDelete
  27. P!hu(ab sirf padhae no masti;)7 July 2015 at 11:45

    gd mrng dear :)

    ReplyDelete
  28. Arundhati Bhattacharya7 July 2015 at 11:45

    ab kya kare ana hi padha competition dene :P

    ReplyDelete
  29. So aaj padaiii krna h dono ko 2 set ke saath......

    ReplyDelete
  30. P!hu(ab sirf padhae no masti;)7 July 2015 at 11:47

    ha ji :)) sbi clerk vacancy jaldi nikale,hmsb ko intejar hai ,ab bhut der nhi ho gyi ? wese sry dear agr kuch bura lga ho to & welcome in our b.a family :)))

    ReplyDelete
  31. Arundhati Bhattacharya7 July 2015 at 11:50

    thank u
    bus nikali hai sbi clerk ki vacancy raste me hi hai kuch month me aa hi jayegi
    or bura kyo lagega yar ur sooooo sweet :)))

    ReplyDelete
  32. P!hu(ab sirf padhae no masti;)7 July 2015 at 11:51

    ha :)

    ReplyDelete
  33. P!hu(ab sirf padhae no masti;)7 July 2015 at 11:52

    thanks :)) & bye :))

    ReplyDelete
  34. ♥♡❆✰...CuTiIieE AvI...✰❆♡♥7 July 2015 at 11:55

    Mam result kb aayega SBI pre ka.. :)))

    ReplyDelete
  35. KK (जाने महादेव..)7 July 2015 at 11:56

    thanks Mam & B.A Team __//\\__ :)

    ReplyDelete
  36. hi i want to be arundhati bhattacharya .so plzzz guide me ...for banking

    ReplyDelete
  37. Arundhati Bhattacharya7 July 2015 at 11:57

    bejh to diya hai raste me hi hoga jarur :P

    ReplyDelete
  38. Arundhati Bhattacharya7 July 2015 at 11:58

    ji bilkul ban jayegi aap BA k sath bane rahe :)))))))

    ReplyDelete
  39. ♥♡❆✰...CuTiIieE AvI...✰❆♡♥7 July 2015 at 11:58

    Itni jldi ku bheja mam humara name daal dete usme.. fir bhejte.. :P

    ReplyDelete
  40. good morning vihaan bosss??

    ReplyDelete
  41. Arundhati Bhattacharya7 July 2015 at 12:00

    byeee

    ReplyDelete
  42. KK (जाने महादेव..)7 July 2015 at 12:00

    12 baj gye or aapka morning hi hai

    ReplyDelete
  43. ♥♡❆✰...CuTiIieE AvI...✰❆♡♥7 July 2015 at 12:00

    bye..

    ReplyDelete
  44. KK (जाने महादेव..)7 July 2015 at 12:00

    Byeee

    ReplyDelete
  45. Bbye....

    ReplyDelete
  46. P!hu(ab sirf padhae no masti;)7 July 2015 at 12:02

    tmhe v dear :)

    ReplyDelete
  47. its my habbit when ever first time say to anyone say good morning

    ReplyDelete
  48. KK (जाने महादेव..)7 July 2015 at 12:02

    :):)

    ReplyDelete
  49. u r so nice mam i m crazy about u rembeember this

    ReplyDelete
  50. Mera toh ek ho gaya av @ start kr rahi hu

    ReplyDelete
  51. Arundhati Bhattacharya7 July 2015 at 12:06

    ok to rok dete hai :P

    ReplyDelete
  52. Arundhati Bhattacharya7 July 2015 at 12:07

    thank u hema :))

    ReplyDelete
  53. Arundhati Bhattacharya7 July 2015 at 12:07

    kya megha muze bata sakti ho kya

    ReplyDelete
  54. Set paper laga rhe the hum

    ReplyDelete
  55. Arundhati Bhattacharya7 July 2015 at 12:08

    ok atb

    ReplyDelete
  56. Himanshu Shekhawat@IBPS PO 57 July 2015 at 12:09

    THANKU SO MUCH BANKERS ADDA TEAM AND MAM__//\\__

    ReplyDelete
  57. welcome dear every time

    ReplyDelete
  58. Arundhati Bhattacharya7 July 2015 at 12:12

    nice:)

    ReplyDelete
  59. Himanshu Shekhawat@IBPS PO 57 July 2015 at 12:13

    Sbi clerk ke bhe vacancy nikal dejiye .:)))))))))))))))

    ReplyDelete
  60. रीजनिंग क्विज पोस्ट कर दी गयी है... :)

    ReplyDelete
  61. स्वागत है :)

    ReplyDelete
  62. Thank u M@M..

    ReplyDelete
  63. kl tumne kis page pe maths quiz kri thi plz tell me

    ReplyDelete
  64. pta hai kya kl khi quiz hui thi ...

    ReplyDelete
  65. lic ado ka admit card kab aayega

    ReplyDelete
  66. Mujhe nahi pata yrrr.....tumeh pata chale toh mujhe v bata dena

    ReplyDelete
  67. ☆ विहान (शुभ) ☆ :))7 July 2015 at 14:49

    Good Noon Dear Hema :))

    ReplyDelete
  68. KK (जाने महादेव..)7 July 2015 at 14:56

    Ok ji accha huha bata diya varna hum confuse ho jate:):)

    ReplyDelete
  69. Thank you very much BA and BA Team

    ReplyDelete
  70. thank you mem..gm

    ReplyDelete