15/06/2015

Preparation for SBI PO 2015 Mains: English (Noun)


Noun
Words are divided into different kinds or classes according to the work they do in a sentence. These kinds or classes are known as Parts of Speech. They are eight in number:
1. Noun
2. Pronoun
3. Verb
4. Adjective
5. Adverb
6. Preposition
7. Conjunction
8. Interjection.
What is noun?
Noun is a word used to name a person, place or thing.
For example:
Rama was an epic king.

Kinds of Noun
1. Common Noun
A common noun is a name given in common to every person or thing of the same class or kind. For example;
I write with a pen.
The student asked me a few questions.

2. Proper Noun
A proper noun is the name of a particular person or place.
For example:
Ramu is a wise fellow.
Patna lacks basic civic amenities.

Rule: Proper nouns are always written with a capital letter at the beginning.
Incorrect: Earlier the capital of india was in calcutta.
Correct: Earlier the capital of India was in Calcutta.

Rule: Proper nouns are sometimes used as common nouns.
Incorrect: LK Advani is today regarded as Sardar
Patel of India.
Correct: LK Advani is today regarded as the Sardar Patel of India.

Rule: In this case proper nouns are always preceded by articles.
She is a Lata Mangeshkar.
Kalidas is the Shakespeare of India.

3. Collective Noun
A Collective noun is the name of a group of persons or things. For example army, committee, crowd, fleet, flock, herd, jury, mob, parliament, team.

Rule: A collective noun usually takes a singular verb and is substituted by a singular pronoun.
Incorrect: The jury were unanimous in their opinion.
Correct: The jury was unanimous in its opinion.

Rule: A collective noun takes a plural verb and is substituted by a plural pronoun when the individuals of which it is composed are thought of net behaving as a single unit
Incorrect: The jury was divided in its opinions.
Correct: The jury were divided in their opinions.

4. Abstract Noun
An abstract noun is usually the name of a quality, action or state considered apart from the object ( which is usually a common noun and often qualified by an adjective) to which it belongs. For example:
Innocence is integral to a child.
Love knows no bound.

5. Material Noun
A material noun is the name of a material ( matter from which a thing is made). For example:
Cotton is the source of natural fibre.
Milk constitutes a nutritious food.

Rule: A material noun does not take an article (a, an, the) before it.
Incorrect: The tobacco is a cash crop.
Correct: Tobacco is a cash crop.

Rule: It takes articles when treated as common nouns.
Incorrect: They offered me glass of water.
Correct: They offered me a glass of water.
Numbers
Numbers are of two kinds-
(1) Singular Number
(2) Plural Number
Generally while changing singular noun to plural we add s, es in the end.
For example
cow-cows
chair-chairs
school-schools
Mango-Mangoes
On the surface some nouns appear to be singular but in meaning they are treated as plural.
For example,
cattle, clergy, people, children, police, poultry
Incorrect: The peasantry has always stood as rockstars for the development of a country.
Correct: The peasantry have always stood as rockstars for the development of a country.
Some nouns look like plural but are always used as singular. For example,
Subjects - Mathematics, economics, physics, ethics, politics, classics.

Rule: When these subjects denote qualities or property, they are used in plural sense. For example,
Incorrect: His mathematics is weak.
Correct: His mathematics are weak.
Diseases - Rickets, AIDS, diabetes, mumps, measles. Some other nouns - News, gallows, summons, innings.
Some nouns are plural in form and in meaning, normally they are instruments or dress articles which have two parts and make a kind of pair. Do not use a/an before these nouns.
For example,
Spectacles, tongs, scissors, pincers, bellows, trousers, drawers, breaches, pants, knickers, pantaloons.
Certain other nouns - caves, riches (valuables), alms, funds, proceeds (profit), annals (record).
Incorrect : I bought a trousers yesterday.
Correct :I bought a pair of trousers yesterday.
Some nouns are always singular and used as singular only. For example Poetry, information, machinery, dust, furniture, dirt, traffic, money, music. Some nouns have one meaning in singular form and another in plural.

Quiz based on above concepts :

1. When he returned (a)/ from America, he informed me (b)/ that he had come here (c)/ to do urgent work. (d)/ No error (e)
2. I do my best (a)/ but I don’t understand (b)/ why I do not get expected (c)/ marks in the examination. (d)/ No error (e)
3. The pretty woman (a)/ sitting in the car (b)/ is the daughter of one of (c)/ the headman of the village. (d)/ No error (e)
4. You will not be (a)/ allowed to go (b)/ anywhere else to (c)/ play outdoor games. (d)/ No error (e)
5. The beautiful surrounding (a)/ of the palace (b)/ attracted a large number of (c)/ tourists coming from abroad. (d)/ No error (e)
6. He did not know (a)/ that the headquarter (b)/ of the army (c)/ was in Delhi. (d)/ No error (e)
7. Liberalisation of economy (a)/ has given birth to (b)/ many uncommon (c)/ phenomenon in the society.(d)/ No error (e)
8. Thousand of young (a)/ protesters were standing (b)/ at Jantar Mantar and (c)/ supporting Anna Hazare. (d)/ No error (e)
9. It is very difficult (a)/ to chase (b)/ a huge score in the (c)/ fourth inning. (d)/ No error (e)
10. He gave me (a)/ a five-rupees note (b)/ and asked me to get (c)/ him a few cigarettes. (d)/ No error (e)

Answers
1. e; No error
2. e; No error
3. d; Replace “headman” with “headmen”
4. e; No error
5. a; Replace “surrounding” with “surroundings”
6. b; Replace “headquarter” with “headquarters”
7. d; Replace “phenomenon” with “phenomena”
8. a; Replace “thousand” with “thousands”
9. d; Replace “inning” with “innings”
10. b; Replace “rupees” with “rupee”

64 comments:

  1. ♡❤ Cute avi.. ❀◕‿◕❀ ❤♡15 June 2015 at 12:51

    Thanx alot BA team.. :)

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  2. thanks a lot B.A :))

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  3. thaks arti mam

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  4. thanks BA team:-))

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  5. pratibha* pari*:))15 June 2015 at 13:03

    Thank u so much BA:))

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  6. billi mausi....:D

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  7. ha mai to teri didi mausi aur chachi bhi hu pata hai ,,mujhe.!!!

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  8. sham ko milte hai anshul beta byee

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  9. thank u mam nd ba team..:))

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  10. apko pehle bhi kahin dekha h....:P

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  11. yahi dekha hoga..bt mene to apko pahli bar hi dekha h..

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  12. ji my self galib

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  13. u ko b mene pahle kahi dekha h..p

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  14. ji pahchan liya..p

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  15. u kanpur se ho na..???

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  16. g means galib..p

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  17. agra se bhi or kanpur se bhi hun

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  18. ohh.. mene soch pakistan se..p

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  19. kanpur india se bahar h kya..??

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  20. are fir to aj se padosi huye..p:p

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  21. उत्तरों के लिए रिफ्रेश करें :)

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  22. hi..good noon..:))

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  23. ji arti ji thanks

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  24. cent area...nd u..

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  25. khadari bipaas devnagar

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  26. chalo koi to h apna bhi padosi yaha

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  27. ji khusi hue koi padosi mila..p

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  28. tabhi mai kah raaha tha apko pehle bhi kahin dekha h

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  29. hehehe..sahi pahchana..p

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  30. sab mocktest ki tyari kar re hai kya

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  31. बैंकर्स अड्डा की एक छात्रा द्वारा किये गए आग्रह पर कल की डेली जी.के अपडेट पोस्ट कर दी गयी है सभी अध्ययन करें...आपके सुझाव का बहुत-बहुत धन्यवाद मुस्कान :)

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  32. {☆S!lent Boy☆}15 June 2015 at 13:48

    Thanks mam...:))

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  33. pratibha* pari*:))15 June 2015 at 13:48

    ji mam thank u:))

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  34. {☆S!lent Boy☆}15 June 2015 at 13:48

    :)))

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  35. ji arti ji __/\__

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  36. thank u mam...

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  37. ☆ विहान (शुभ) ☆ :))15 June 2015 at 13:54

    Thanks Alot Ma'am :))

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  38. Ankur Verma (Annu)15 June 2015 at 14:10

    Thank You _/\_

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  39. Ye mobile par hi hoga kya

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  40. JKR (Rok Sko To Rok Lo)15 June 2015 at 14:31

    koi h abhi yha??????

    ReplyDelete
  41. {☆S!lent Boy☆}15 June 2015 at 14:34

    I'm here

    ReplyDelete
  42. {☆S!lent Boy☆}15 June 2015 at 14:34

    Hello:))

    ReplyDelete
  43. KK (जाने महादेव..)15 June 2015 at 14:49

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  44. mai nhi hu :D

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  45. parineeti kumari15 June 2015 at 23:50

    thnks mam

    ReplyDelete
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